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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 5909741, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5909741
Research Article

Accuracy and Precision of Three-Dimensional Low Dose CT Compared to Standard RSA in Acetabular Cups: An Experimental Study

1Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden
2School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16440 Stockholm, Sweden
3Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
4School of Computing, College of Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84109, USA
5Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, 18288 Stockholm, Sweden

Received 4 December 2015; Revised 30 May 2016; Accepted 1 June 2016

Academic Editor: Yukihisa Takayama

Copyright © 2016 Cyrus Brodén et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Purpose. The gold standard for detection of implant wear and migration is currently radiostereometry (RSA). The purpose of this study is to compare a three-dimensional computed tomography technique (3D CT) to standard RSA as an alternative technique for measuring migration of acetabular cups in total hip arthroplasty. Materials and Methods. With tantalum beads, we marked one cemented and one uncemented cup and mounted these on a similarly marked pelvic model. A comparison was made between 3D CT and standard RSA for measuring migration. Twelve repeated stereoradiographs and CT scans with double examinations in each position and gradual migration of the implants were made. Precision and accuracy of the 3D CT were calculated. Results. The accuracy of the 3D CT ranged between 0.07 and 0.32 mm for translations and 0.21 and 0.82° for rotation. The precision ranged between 0.01 and 0.09 mm for translations and 0.06 and 0.29° for rotations, respectively. For standard RSA, the precision ranged between 0.04 and 0.09 mm for translations and 0.08 and 0.32° for rotations, respectively. There was no significant difference in precision between 3D CT and standard RSA. The effective radiation dose of the 3D CT method, comparable to RSA, was estimated to be 0.33 mSv. Interpretation. Low dose 3D CT is a comparable method to standard RSA in an experimental setting.