Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 5946520, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5946520
Research Article

Size and Proportions of Slow-Twitch and Fast-Twitch Muscle Fibers in Human Costal Diaphragm

Institute of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Korytkova 2, Sl-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Received 12 July 2016; Accepted 17 October 2016

Academic Editor: Yi-Ping Liu

Copyright © 2016 Marija Meznaric and Erika Cvetko. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Podnar and A. Resman-Gašperšič, “Quantitative motor unit potential analysis in the diaphragm: a normative study,” Muscle & Nerve, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 518–521, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Nandedkar, E. Stalberg, and D. Sanders, “Quantitative EMG,” in Electrodiagnostic Medicine, D. Dumitru, A. A. Amato, and M. Zwarts, Eds., pp. 293–356, Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  3. J. Sauleda, J. Gea, M. Orozco-Levi et al., “Structure and function relationships of the respiratory muscles,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 906–911, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Mizuno, “Human respiratory muscles: fibre morphology and capillary supply,” The European Respiratory Journal, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 587–601, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Polla, G. D'Antona, R. Bottinelli, and C. Reggiani, “Respiratory muscle fibres: specialisation and plasticity,” Thorax, vol. 59, no. 9, pp. 808–817, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Levine, T. Nguyen, N. Taylor et al., “Rapid disuse atrophy of diaphragm fibers in mechanically ventilated humans,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 358, no. 13, pp. 1327–1335, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. Smerdu and T. Soukup, “Demonstration of myosin heavy chain isoforms in rat and humans: the specificity of seven available monoclonal antibodies used in immunohistochemical and immunoblotting methods,” European Journal of Histochemistry, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 179–190, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Schiaffino, L. Gorza, S. Sartore et al., “Three myosin heavy chain isoforms in type 2 skeletal muscle fibres,” Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 197–205, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. V. Smerdu, I. Karsch-Mizrachi, M. Campione, L. Leinwand, and S. Schiaffino, “Type IIx myosin heavy chain transcripts are expressed in type IIb fibers of human skeletal muscle,” American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology, vol. 267, no. 6, part 1, pp. C1723–C1728, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Karen, M. Števanec, V. Smerdu, E. Cvetko, L. Kubínová, and I. Eržen, “Software for muscle fibre type classification and analysis,” European Journal of Histochemistry, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 87–95, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Meznaric and I. Erzen, “Muscle fibre phenotyping from a single section: is it as informative as from serial sections?” in Skeletal Muscle: From Myogenesis to Clinical Relations, J. Cseri, Ed., pp. 359–370, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. V. Smerdu, M. Štrbenc, M. Meznarič-Petruša, and G. Fazarinc, “Identification of myosin heavy chain I, IIa and IIx in canine skeletal muscles by an electrophoretic and immunoblotting study,” Cells Tissues Organs, vol. 180, no. 2, pp. 106–116, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Dubowitz and C. Sewry, Muscle Biopsy: A Practical Approach, Saunders Elsevier, Shanghai, China, 3rd edition, 2007.
  14. L. E. Gosselin, M. Betlach, A. C. Vailas, M. L. Greaser, and D. P. Thomas, “Myosin heavy chain composition in the rat diaphragm: effect of age and exercise training,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 1282–1286, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. A. Pellegrino, L. Brocca, F. S. Dioguardi, R. Bottinelli, and G. D'Antona, “Effects of voluntary wheel running and amino acid supplementation on skeletal muscle of mice,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 93, no. 5-6, pp. 655–664, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M.-A. Caron, R. Debigaré, P. N. R. Dekhuijzen, and F. Maltais, “Comparative assessment of the quadriceps and the diaphragm in patients with COPD,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 107, no. 3, pp. 952–961, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. N. Welvaart, M. A. Paul, H. W. H. van Hees et al., “Diaphragm muscle fiber function and structure in humans with hemidiaphragm paralysis,” American Journal of Physiology—Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, vol. 301, no. 2, pp. L228–L235, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Dumitru and M. Zwarts, “Needle electromyography,” in Electrodiagnostic Medicine, D. Dumitru, A. A. Amato, and M. Zwarts, Eds., pp. 257–291, Hanley & Belfus, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  19. K. M. Baldwin and F. Haddad, “Skeletal muscle plasticity: cellular and molecular responses to altered physical activity paradigms,” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol. 81, no. 11, supplement, pp. S40–S51, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Klitgaard, O. Bergman, R. Betto et al., “Co-existence of myosin heavy chain I and IIa isoforms in human skeletal muscle fibres with endurance training,” Pflügers Archiv, vol. 416, no. 4, pp. 470–472, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. C. Gandevia, D. K. McKenzie, and I. R. Neering, “Endurance properties of respiratory and limb muscles,” Respiration Physiology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 47–61, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. McKenzie, “To breathe or not to breathe: the respiratory muscles and COPD,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 1279–1280, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus