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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 6508619, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6508619
Research Article

Diagnostic Value of White Blood Cell and C-Reactive Protein in Pediatric Appendicitis

1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Cengiz Gokcek Obstetrics and Children’s Hospital, Sehitkamil, 27560 Gaziantep, Turkey
2Department of Pediatric Surgery, Haseki Training and Research Hospital, 34440 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 20 February 2016; Revised 25 March 2016; Accepted 30 March 2016

Academic Editor: Daniele Marrelli

Copyright © 2016 Sevgi Buyukbese Sarsu and Fatma Sarac. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Acute appendicitis (AA) associated with acute phase reaction is the most prevalent disease which requires emergency surgery. Its delayed diagnosis and unnecessarily performed appendectomies lead to numerous complications. In our study, we aimed to detect the role of WBC and CRP in the exclusion of acute and complicated appendicitis and diagnostic accuracy in pediatric age group. Methods. Appendectomized patient groups were constructed based on the results of histological evaluation. The area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was performed to examine diagnostic accuracy. Results. When WBC and CRP were used in combination, based on cut-off values of ≥13.1 × 103/μL for WBC counts and ≥1.17 mg/dL for CRP level, diagnostic parameters were as follows: sensitivity, 98.7%; specificity, 71.3%; PPV, 50.6%; NPV, 99.5%; diagnostic accuracy, 77.6%; LR(+), 3.44; LR(−), 0.017. AUC values were 0.845 (95% CI 0.800–0.891) for WBC and 0.887 (95% CI 0.841–0.932) for CRP. Conclusions. For complicated appendicitis, CRP has the highest degree of diagnostic accuracy. The diagnosis of appendicitis should be made primarily based on clinical examination, and obviously more specific and systemic inflammatory markers are needed. Combined use of cut-off values of WBC (≥13100/μL) and CRP (≥1.17 mg/L) yields a higher sensitivity and NPV for the diagnosis of complicated appendicitis.