A Comparison of Surgical Invasions for Spinal Nerve Ligation with or without Paraspinal Muscle Removal in a Rat Neuropathic Pain Model
Operative data of the rats. (a) Intraoperative blood loss, (b) incision length, and (c) operative time. compared with paraspinal muscle removal. compared with the sham operated rats (paraspinal muscle removal group versus sham 1 group, paraspinal muscle retraction group versus sham 2 group).
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