Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 7231545, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7231545
Research Article

Evaluating a Nationwide Recreational Football Intervention: Recruitment, Attendance, Adherence, Exercise Intensity, and Health Effects

1Faculty of Natural and Health Sciences, University of the Faroe Islands, 100 Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
2Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
3Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke’s Campus, EX1 2LU Exeter, UK
4Center for Health and Human Performance, Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden

Received 11 February 2016; Revised 20 April 2016; Accepted 12 May 2016

Academic Editor: Leonardo dos Santos

Copyright © 2016 Liljan av Fløtum et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Krustrup, P. Aagaard, L. Nybo, J. Petersen, M. Mohr, and J. Bangsbo, “Recreational football as a health promoting activity: a topical review,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, supplement 1, pp. 1–13, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Krustrup, J. J. Nielsen, B. R. Krustrup et al., “Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity for untrained men,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 825–831, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. W. Helge, T. R. Andersen, J. F. Schmidt et al., “Recreational football improves bone mineral density and bone turnover marker profile in elderly men,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 98–104, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Krustrup, M. B. Randers, L. J. Andersen, S. R. Jackman, J. Bangsbo, and P. R. Hansen, “Soccer improves fitness and attenuates cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive men,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 553–560, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Mohr, A. Lindenskov, P. M. Holm et al., “Football training improves cardiovascular health profile in sedentary, premenopausal hypertensive women,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 36–42, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. V. De Sousa, R. Fukui, P. Krustrup et al., “Positive effects of football on fitness, lipid profile, and insulin resistance in Brazilian patients with type 2 diabetes,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, supplement 1, pp. 57–65, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. R. Andersen, J. F. Schmidt, M. Thomassen et al., “A preliminary study: effects of football training on glucose control, body composition, and performance in men with type 2 diabetes,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, supplement 1, pp. 43–56, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Uth, T. Hornstrup, J. F. Schmidt et al., “Football training improves lean body mass in men with prostate cancer undergoing androgen deprivation therapy,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 105–112, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Uth, T. Hornstrup, J. F. Christensen et al., “Football training in men with prostate cancer undergoing androgen deprivation therapy: activity profile and short-term skeletal and postural balance adaptations,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 471–480, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. P. Krustrup, P. R. Hansen, L. J. Andersen et al., “Long-term musculoskeletal and cardiac health effects of recreational football and running for premenopausal women,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, supplement 1, pp. 58–71, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. R. Andersen, J. F. Schmidt, J. J. Nielsen et al., “Effect of football or strength training on functional ability and physical performance in untrained old men,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, supplement 1, pp. 76–85, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Mohr, N. B. Nordsborg, A. Lindenskov et al., “High-Intensity intermittent swimming improves cardiovascular health status for women with mild hypertension,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, Article ID 728289, 9 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Barene, P. Krustrup, O. L. Brekke, and A. Holtermann, “Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees: a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study,” Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 1539–1549, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. J. Connolly, S. Scott, M. Mohr et al., “Effects of small-volume soccer and vibration training on body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular PCr kinetics for inactive women aged 20–45,” Journal of Sport and Health Science, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 284–292, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Oja, S. Titze, S. Kokko et al., “Health benefits of different sport disciplines for adults: systematic review of observational and intervention studies with meta-analysis,” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 434–440, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Z. Milanović, S. Pantelić, N. Čović, G. Sporiš, and P. Krustrup, “Is Recreational Soccer Effective for Improving V˙O2max? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,” Sports Medicine, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1339–1353, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I.-M. Lee, E. J. Shiroma, F. Lobelo et al., “Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy,” The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9838, pp. 219–229, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Appelman, B. B. van Rijn, M. E. Ten Haaf, E. Boersma, and S. A. E. Peters, “Sex differences in cardiovascular risk factors and disease prevention,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 241, no. 1, pp. 211–218, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Rizzoli, H. Bischoff-Ferrari, B. Dawson-Hughes, and C. Weaver, “Nutrition and bone health in women after the menopause,” Women's Health, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 599–608, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Shufelt, G. D. Braunstein, C. J. Pepine, and C. N. Bairey Merz, “Recognizing sex similarities in cardiovascular disease research,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 65, no. 19, pp. 2152–2153, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Chedraui and F. R. Pérez-López, “Nutrition and health during mid-life: searching for solutions and meeting challenges for the aging population,” Climacteric, vol. 16, supplement 1, pp. 85–95, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Priest, R. Armstrong, J. Doyle, and E. Waters, “Interventions implemented through sporting organisations for increasing participation in sport,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol. 16, no. 3, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. L. Ooms, C. Veenhof, N. Schipper-van Veldhoven, and D. H. de Bakker, “Sporting programs for inactive population groups: factors influencing implementation in the organized sports setting,” BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 7, article 12, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Bennike, J. M. Wikman, and L. S. Ottesen, “Football Fitness—a new version of football? A concept for adult players in Danish football clubs,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol. 24, supplement 1, pp. 138–146, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. B. Randers, L. Nybo, J. Petersen et al., “Activity profile and physiological response to football training for untrained males and females, elderly and youngsters: influence of the number of players,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, supplement 1, pp. 14–23, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Bangsbo and M. Mohr, Fitness Testing in Football, Bangsbosport, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2012.
  27. P. S. Bradley, M. Mohr, M. Bendiksen et al., “Sub-maximal and maximal Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2: heart rate response, reproducibility and application to elite soccer,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 969–978, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. G. Bredahl, Region Syddanmark/Fyns Amt Ekstern evaluering af SDU, Odense, Denmark, 2007.
  29. D. Ettehad, C. A. Emdin, A. Kiran et al., “Blood pressure lowering for prevention of cardiovascular disease and death: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Lancet, vol. S0140–6736, no. 15, pp. 01225–01228, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  30. W. S. Aronow, “Hypertension guidelines,” Hypertension, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 347–348, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. WHO, Global Health Risks: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009.
  32. F. Custodis, S. H. Schirmer, M. Baumhkel, G. Heusch, M. Bhm, and U. Laufs, “Vascular pathophysiology in response to increased heart rate,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 56, no. 24, pp. 1973–1983, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. P. Krustrup, J. F. Christensen, M. B. Randers et al., “Muscle adaptations and performance enhancements of soccer training for untrained men,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 1247–1258, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. B. Randers, J. Petersen, L. J. Andersen et al., “Short-term street soccer improves fitness and cardiovascular health status of homeless men,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 112, no. 6, pp. 2097–2106, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Z. Milanović, S. Pantelić, G. Sporiš, M. Mohr, and P. Krustrup, “Health-related physical fitness in healthy untrained men: effects on VO2max, jump performance and flexibility of soccer and moderate-intensity continuous running,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 8, article e0135319, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Bangsbo, J. J. Nielsen, M. Mohr et al., “Performance enhancements and muscular adaptations of a 16-week recreational football intervention for untrained women,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, supplement 1, pp. 24–30, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. N. B. Nordsborg, L. Connolly, P. Weihe et al., “Oxidative capacity and glycogen content increase more in arm than leg muscle in sedentary women after intense training,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 116–123, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. D. Jakobsen, E. Sundstrup, P. Krustrup, and P. Aagaard, “The effect of recreational soccer training and running on postural balance in untrained men,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 521–530, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. W. Helge, P. Aagaard, M. D. Jakobsen et al., “Recreational football training decreases risk factors for bone fractures in untrained premenopausal women,” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, vol. 20, supplement 1, pp. 31–39, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. K. Karlsson, “Does exercise during growth prevent fractures in later life?” Medicine and Sport Science, vol. 51, pp. 121–136, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. C. Hallal, L. B. Andersen, F. C. Bull et al., “Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects,” The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9838, pp. 247–257, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. Baumann, S. Couffignal, E. Le Bihan, and N. Chau, “Life satisfaction two-years after stroke onset: the effects of gender, sex occupational status, memory function and quality of life among stroke patients (Newsqol) and their family caregivers (Whoqol-bref) in Luxembourg,” BMC Neurology, vol. 12, article 105, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus