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BioMed Research International
Volume 2016, Article ID 7280535, 5 pages
Research Article

SEM-EDS-Based Elemental Identification on the Enamel Surface after the Completion of Orthodontic Treatment: In Vitro Studies

1Division of Orthodontics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
2Division of Orthodontics, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany
3Department of Preclinical Conservative Dentistry and Preclinical Endodontics, Pomeranian Medical University in Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
4Institute of Technology, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Cracow, Poland

Received 24 June 2016; Accepted 6 September 2016

Academic Editor: Michael Wallner

Copyright © 2016 Monika Machoy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Braces as foreign bodies in the mouth carry a risk of side effects and toxicity to the human body. This article presents the results indicating the possible toxic effects of tools used for cleaning the enamel after the completion of orthodontic treatment. The studies were carried out in vitro. The procedure of enamel etching, bonding orthodontic metal brackets, and enamel cleaning after their removal was performed under laboratory conditions. The enamel microstructure and elements present on its surface were evaluated using the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Silicon and aluminium were found in addition to the tooth building elements.