Assessment of Temperature Rise and Time of Alveolar Ridge Splitting by Means of Er:YAG Laser, Piezosurgery, and Surgical Saw: An Ex Vivo Study
Monitoring and measurement of reaction to changes in temperature of the bone. (a) An alveolar ridge with cutting marks. (b) The thermocouples attached to the bone. (c) The control of osteotomies depth with a periodontal probe.