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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 1236801, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1236801
Research Article

A Simple but Accurate Method for Evaluating Drug-Resistance in Infectious HCVcc System

1Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China
2State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zong-Gen Peng; moc.621@gzpcmup

Received 24 January 2017; Revised 23 June 2017; Accepted 19 July 2017; Published 22 August 2017

Academic Editor: Giulia Morsica

Copyright © 2017 Jian-Rui Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Use of direct-acting antivirals sometimes causes viral drug resistance, resulting in inefficiency in treated patients in real-world practice. Therefore, how to rapidly and accurately evaluate drug resistance is an urgent problem to be solved for rational use and development of antivirals in the future. Here, we aim to develop a new method by which we can evaluate easily but effectively whether a drug will still be efficient in the future treatment in infectious hepatitis C virus cell culture system. HCV-infected Huh7.5 cells were treated with drugs and the culture supernatants were replaced with fresh culture media containing the same drugs at 24 hours. The supernatants were harvested at 48 hours and incubated with naïve Huh7.5 cells. Intracellular HCV RNAs or proteins in the newly infected cells were extracted and analyzed at 48 hours or longer. Results showed that after being treated with telaprevir mutant viruses were easily detected which were resistant to telaprevir, while after being treated with sofosbuvir drug-resistant viruses did not emerge. In conclusion, the new method is simple and quick but accurate to evaluate whether a drug will be still efficient in the forthcoming therapeutic regimen and whether drug resistance will occur after long-term treatment with drugs.