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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1272193, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1272193
Review Article

Biotechnological Processes in Microbial Amylase Production

1Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
2School of Bioprocess Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
3Department of Biological Engineering, College of Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Republic of Korea
4Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, AIMST University, 08100 Bedong, Malaysia

Correspondence should be addressed to Subash C. B. Gopinath; ym.ude.paminu@hsabus

Received 29 October 2016; Accepted 27 November 2016; Published 9 February 2017

Academic Editor: Nikolai V. Ravin

Copyright © 2017 Subash C. B. Gopinath et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Amylase is an important and indispensable enzyme that plays a pivotal role in the field of biotechnology. It is produced mainly from microbial sources and is used in many industries. Industrial sectors with top-down and bottom-up approaches are currently focusing on improving microbial amylase production levels by implementing bioengineering technologies. The further support of energy consumption studies, such as those on thermodynamics, pinch technology, and environment-friendly technologies, has hastened the large-scale production of the enzyme. Herein, the importance of microbial (bacteria and fungi) amylase is discussed along with its production methods from the laboratory to industrial scales.