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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2032697, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2032697
Research Article

Protective Effects of Genistein against Mono-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate-Induced Oxidative Damage in Prepubertal Sertoli Cells

1Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710004, China
2Department of Nephrology, Xi’an No. 4 Hospital, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710004, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Ziming Wang; ten.362@w-gnimiz

Received 2 May 2017; Revised 13 August 2017; Accepted 21 August 2017; Published 13 November 2017

Academic Editor: Ferdinando Chiaradonna

Copyright © 2017 Liandong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) and genistein are two of the most prevalent endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that present in the environment and food. However, how these two EDCs would affect prepubertal Sertoli cells development was rarely studied. In this study, primary prepubertal Sertoli cells were isolated from 22-day-old Sprague Dawley rats and exposed to MEHP at 1 μmol/L, 10 μmol/L, and 100 μmol/L (M1, M10, and M100), genistein at 10 μmol/L (G), and their combination (G + M1, G + M10, and G + M100). Cell proliferation inhibition rate, apoptosis and necrosis rate, and cellular redox state were evaluated. Our results revealed that MEHP could significantly increase cell proliferation inhibition rate, apoptosis rate, necrosis rate, and intracellular reactive oxidative species level. However, coadministration of genistein could partially alleviate MEHP-induced prepubertal Sertoli cells oxidative injuries via enhancement of testicular antioxidative enzymes activities and upregulation of Nrf2 and HO-1, indicating that genistein could partially attenuate MEHP-induced prepubertal Sertoli cells damage through antioxidative action and may have promising future on its curative role for attenuating other EDCs-induced reproductive disorders.