Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2152487, 12 pages
Research Article

Quality of Care during Neonatal Resuscitation in Kakamega County General Hospital, Kenya: A Direct Observation Study

1Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
2Department of Midwifery and Gender, School of Nursing, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
3Department of Child Health and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya

Correspondence should be addressed to Duncan N. Shikuku; moc.oohay@ukukihsnd

Received 3 June 2017; Revised 21 August 2017; Accepted 1 October 2017; Published 29 October 2017

Academic Editor: Hideo Inaba

Copyright © 2017 Duncan N. Shikuku et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Birth asphyxia is the leading cause of neonatal mortality in Kenya. Quality care during neonatal resuscitation (NR) can contribute to a reduction in neonatal mortality related to birth asphyxia by 30 percent. This study assessed the quality of care (QoC) during NR for newborns with birth asphyxia. Methods. Direct observations of 138 newborn resuscitations were done in labor ward and maternity theatre. Twenty-eight healthcare providers were observed 3–5 times using a structured checklist. Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated and quality of care scores computed. Ordered logistic regression model identified HCPs characteristics associated with the QoC scores during NR. Results. Overall QoC scores were good for airway clearance (83%). Suctioning in meconium presence (40%) was poorly performed. Years of experience working in maternity were associated with good drying/stimulation (β = 1.86, , CI = 0.626–3.093) and airway maintenance (β = 1.887, , CI = 0.469–3.305); nurses were poor compared to doctors during initial bag and mask ventilation (β = −2.338, , CI = −4.732–0.056). Conclusion. Key steps in NR are poorly performed during drying and warmth, airway maintenance in meconium presence, and ventilation. Mentorship with periodic refresher training can improve the care provided during NR.