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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2387681, 7 pages
Research Article

A Measure of Suffering in relation to Anxiety and Quality of Life in IBS Patients: Preliminary Results

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Sveucilisna Avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia

Correspondence should be addressed to Sanda Pletikosić Tončić; rh.irff@cisokitelps

Received 2 February 2017; Revised 18 April 2017; Accepted 22 May 2017; Published 4 July 2017

Academic Editor: Nick Kontodimopoulos

Copyright © 2017 Sanda Pletikosić Tončić and Mladenka Tkalčić. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal (GI) disorder with a severe impact on quality of life (QoL). We explored the relationship of a visual measure of suffering, the PRISM-RII, with quality of life (QoL) and anxiety measures in IBS patients. Participants were 44 IBS patients who completed several questionnaires and kept a symptom diary for two weeks. The measures used were PRISM-RII (self-illness separation (SIS); illness perception measure (IPM)); IBS-36 (IBS health related QoL); SF-36 (physical and mental health related QoL); State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-T); Visceral Sensitivity Index (VSI; GI-specific anxiety); and a symptom diary. SIS was negatively correlated to VSI, while IPM was negatively correlated to SIS and the physical component of SF-36 and positively to VSI and symptom severity. We found significant differences between participants who perceive their illness as small and those who perceive it as medium in SIS, symptom severity, VSI, and the mental component of SF-36. Participants, who perceived their illness as small, represented their illness as more distant, showed lower average symptom severity, and had lower GI-specific anxiety and higher QoL. The results indicate that IPM and SIS can be useful in discriminating patients with more prominent psychological difficulties and QoL impairment.