Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2672689, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2672689
Research Article

Variability of Chemical Compositions and Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Ruta chalepensis Leaf Essential Oils from Three Palestinian Regions

1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, State of Palestine
2College of Pharmacy, Nursing and Health Professions, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit, State of Palestine
3Center of Birzeit University Testing Laboratories, Birzeit University, P.O. Box 14, Birzeit, State of Palestine
4Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, State of Palestine

Correspondence should be addressed to Nidal Jaradat; ude.hajan@tadarajladin

Received 7 July 2017; Revised 5 October 2017; Accepted 19 October 2017; Published 5 November 2017

Academic Editor: Gail B. Mahady

Copyright © 2017 Nidal Jaradat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Ekor, “The growing use of herbal medicines: Issues relating to adverse reactions and challenges in monitoring safety,” Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 4, article 177, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Zuzarte and L. Salgueiro, “Essential oils chemistry,” Bioactive Essential Oils and Cancer, pp. 19–61, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. A. Burdock, Fenaroli's Handbook of Flavor Ingredients, CRC Press, USA, 4th edition, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Stea, A. Beraudi, and D. De Pasquale, “Essential oils for complementary treatment of surgical patients: state of the art,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 726341, 6 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Faliagkas, D. Vokou, and G. Theophilidis, “Local anaesthetic properties vs. neurotoxicity for (+)- and (−)-carvone: Aan ex vivo electrophysiological study,” Planta Medica Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. e6–e9, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. T. Marković, M. Nikolić, J. Glamoč Lija et al., “Essential oils for the prevention and treatment of human opportunistic fungal diseases,” ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1218, pp. 247–277, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Jaradat, L. Adwan, S. K'aibni, N. Shraim, and A. N. Zaid, “Chemical composition, anthelmintic, antibacterial and antioxidant effects of Thymus bovei essential oil,” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 16, no. 1, article no. 418, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. F. van Vuuren and A. M. Viljoen, “Antimicrobial activity of limonene enantiomers and 1,8-cineole alone and in combination,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 540–544, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Lewis and F. M. Ausubel, “Prospects for plant-derived antibacterials,” Nature Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1504–1507, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Cherubini, G. B. Vigna, G. Zuliani, C. Ruggiero, U. Senin, and R. Fellin, “Role of antioxidants in atherosclerosis: epidemiological and clinical update,” Current Pharmaceutical Design, vol. 11, no. 16, pp. 2017–2032, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. B. Lotito and B. Frei, “Consumption of flavonoid-rich foods and increased plasma antioxidant capacity in humans: cause, consequence, or epiphenomenon?” Free Radical Biology & Medicine, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1727–1746, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. H. Schmidt, R. Stocker, C. Vollbracht et al., “Antioxidants in translational medicine,” Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 1130–1143, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Radwan, N. Shraim, J. Elaraj, Y. Khanfar, N. Zatar, and M. Abdaldaym, “Influence of Corchorus Olitorius (Molokhia) soup on the in vivo absorption of ciprofloxacin from immediate release tablet in rabbits,” Palestinian Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal, vol. 1, pp. 1–16, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. Poljsak, D. Šuput, and I. Milisav, “Achieving the balance between ROS and antioxidants: when to use the synthetic antioxidants,” Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol. 2013, Article ID 956792, 11 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. Anlasik, H. Sies, H. R. Griffiths, P. Mecocci, W. Stahl, and M. C. Polidori, “Dietary habits are major determinants of the plasma antioxidant status in healthy elderly subjects,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 639–642, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. Feng and X. Zheng, “Essential oils to control Alternaria alternatain vitro and in vivo,” Food Control, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1126–1130, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Rojas and A. Buitrago, Essential Oils and their Products as Antimicrobial Agents: Progress and Prospects, CRC Press, USA, 2015.
  18. S. Burt, “Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods—a review,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 223–253, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. M. Davidson, J. N. Sofos, and A. L. Branen, Antimicrobials in Food, CRC press, USA, 2005.
  20. S. M. Alzamora, M. S. Tapia, and J. W. Chanes, “New strategies for minimally processed foods. The role of multitarget preservation,” Food Science and Technology International, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 353–361, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Wei and T. Shibamoto, “Antioxidant activities and volatile constituents of various essential oils,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 1737–1742, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C. S. Romano, K. Abadi, V. Repetto, A. A. Vojnov, and S. Moreno, “Synergistic antioxidant and antibacterial activity of rosemary plus butylated derivatives,” Food Chemistry, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 456–461, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. M. Viljoen, S. Petkar, S. F. Van Vuuren, A. C. Figueiredo, L. G. Pedro, and J. G. Barroso, “The chemo-geographical variation in essential oil composition and the antimicrobial properties of "wild mint"—Mentha longifolia subsp. polyadena (Lamiaceae) in Southern Africa,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 18, pp. 60–65, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. F. Van Vuuren, A. M. Viljoen, T. Ozek, B. Demirci, and K. H. C. Başer, “Seasonal and geographical variation of Heteropyxis natalensis essential oil and the effect thereof on the antimicrobial activity,” South African Journal of Botany, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 441–448, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Lamamra, H. Laouer, A. Adjaoud, F. Sahli, S. Amira, and S. Akkal, “Daucus aristidis Coss. essential oil: Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity in pre-flowering stage,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 882–886, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Ghasemi Pirbalouti, B. B. Ghahfarokhi, S. A. M. Ghahfarokhi, and F. Malekpoor, “Chemical composition of essential oils from the aerial parts and underground parts of Iranian valerian collected from different natural habitats,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 63, pp. 147–151, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M.-H. Moosavy and N. Shavisi, “Determination of antimicrobial effects of nisin and Mentha spicata essential oil against Escherichia coli O157:H7 under various conditions (pH, temperature and NaCl concentration),” Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 61–67, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Z. Rajabi, M. Ebrahimi, M. Farajpour, M. Mirza, and H. Ramshini, “Compositions and yield variation of essential oils among and within nine Salvia species from various areas of Iran,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 61, pp. 233–239, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. I. Bajalan and A. G. Pirbalouti, “Variation in chemical composition of essential oil of populations of Lavandula × intermedia collected from Western Iran,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 69, pp. 344–347, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. J. Uribe-Hernández, J. B. Hurtado-Ramos, E. R. Olmedo-Arcega, and M. A. Martinez-Sosa, “The Essential Oil of Lippia graveolens H.B.K. from Jalisco, Mexico,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 647–649, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. L. Iauk, K. Mangano, A. Rapisarda et al., “Protection against murine endotoxemia by treatment with Ruta Chalepensis L., a plant with anti-inflammatory properties,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 90, no. 2-3, pp. 267–272, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. James, Duke's Hand Book of Medicinal Plants of The Bible, Taylor and Francis group, USA, 2008.
  33. O. Hnatyszyn, P. Arenas, A. Moreno, R. Rondita, and J. Coussio, “Plantas reguladoras de la fecundidad según la medicina folklórica,” Revista de la Sociedad Cientifica, vol. 14, pp. 37–45, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  34. C. J. Stuart, Lithofacies and Origin of the San Onofre Breccia, AAPG, Coastal Southern California, Calif, USA, 1979.
  35. L. M. M. Perry, MEdicinal Plants of East Southeast Asia: Attributed Properties and Uses, MIT Press, USA, 1980.
  36. B. El-Tawil, “Chemical Constituents of Indigenous Plants Used in Native Medicine of Saudi Arabia,” The Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. Ageel, M. Tariq, J. Mossa, M. AI-Yahya, and M. AI-Said, Plants Used in Saudi Folk Medicine, King Saud University Press, Saudi Arabia, 1987.
  38. M. S. Al-Said, M. Tariq, M. A. Al-Yahya, S. Rafatullah, O. T. Ginnawi, and A. M. Ageel, “Studies on Ruta chalepensis, an ancient medicinal herb still used in traditional medicine,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 305–312, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. O. Said, K. Khalil, S. Fulder, and H. Azaizeh, “Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal herbs in Israel, the Golan Heights and the West Bank region,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 251–265, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. S. Ali-Shtayeh, Z. Yaniv, and J. Mahajna, “Ethnobotanical survey in the Palestinian area: a classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 73, no. 1-2, pp. 221–232, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. S. Ali-Shtayeh, R. M.-R. Yaghmour, Y. R. Faidi, K. Salem, and M. A. Al-Nuri, “Antimicrobial activity of 20 plants used in folkloric medicine in the Palestinian area,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 265–271, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. Tampe, L. Parra, K. Huaiquil, and A. Quiroz, “Potential repellent activity of the essential oil of ruta chalepensis (Linnaeus) from Chile against aegorhinus superciliosus (Guérin) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae),” Soil Science & Plant Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 48–59, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. N. A. Jaradat, A. N. Zaid, A. Abuzant, and R. Shawahna, “Investigation the efficiency of various methods of volatile oil extraction from Trichodesma africanum and their impact on the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities,” Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 1–7, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. N. A. Jaradat, “Quantitative estimations for the volatile oil by using hydrodistillation and microwave accelerated distillation methods from Rutagraveolens L. and Rutachalepensis L. leaves from Jerusalem Area/Palestine,” Moroccan Journal of Chemistry, vol. 4, pp. 1–6, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  45. R. Adams, Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, Texensis Publisher, USA, 2017.
  46. B. A. Forbes, D. F. Sahm, and A. S. Weissfeld, Study Guide for Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Mosby, USA, 2007.
  47. S. Fulder and O. Said, “Steps towards revival of Graeco-Arabic medicine in the Middle East: A new project,” HerbalGram, vol. 83, pp. 17–28, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  48. L. R. Salgueiro, R. Vila, F. Tomi et al., “Variability of essential oils of Thymus caespititius from Portugal,” Phytochemistry, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 307–311, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. F. A. Souto-Bachiller, M. De Jesus-Echevarría, O. E. Cárdenas-González, M. F. Acuña-Rodriguez, P. A. Meléndez, and L. Romero-Ramsey, “Terpenoid composition of Lippia dulcis,” Phytochemistry, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1077–1086, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. O. Y. Celiktas, E. E. H. Kocabas, E. Bedir, F. V. Sukan, T. Ozek, and K. H. C. Baser, “Antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts and essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis, depending on location and seasonal variations,” Food Chemistry, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 553–559, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J.-C. Chalchat, R.-P. Garry, and A. Muhayimana, “Essential oil of Tagetes minuta from Rwanda and France: Chemical composition according to harvesting location, growth stage and part of plant extracted,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 375–386, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. M. Viljoen, S. Petkar, S. F. Van Vuuren, A. C. Figueiredo, L. G. Pedro, and J. G. Barroso, “The chemo-geographical variation in essential oil composition and the antimicrobial properties of “wild mint” - Mentha longifolia subsp. polyadena (Lamiaceae) in Southern Africa,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 18, pp. 60–65, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. F. Haddouchi, T. M. Chaouche, Y. Zaouali, R. Ksouri, A. Attou, and A. Benmansour, “Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from four Ruta species growing in Algeria,” Food Chemistry, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 253–258, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. M. Khoury, D. Stien, N. Ouaini, V. Eparvier, N. A. Apostolides, and M. El Beyrouthy, “Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Ruta chalepensis L. growing wild in Lebanon,” Chemistry & Biodiversity, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1990–1997, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. G. D. Bagchi, P. D. Dwivedi, A. Singh, F. Haider, and A. A. Naqvi, “Variations in essential oil constituents at different growth stages of ruta chalepensis on cultivation at north indian plains,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 263-264, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. A. Rustaiyan, M. Khossravi, F. Sultani-Lotfabadi, M. Yari, S. Masoudi, and A. Monfared, “Constituents of the essential oil of Ruta chalepensis L. from Iran,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 378-379, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. K. H. C. Baser, T. Özek, and S. H. Beis, “Constituents of the essential oil of ruta chalepensis L. from Turkey,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 413-414, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. O. Tzakou and M. Couladis, “Essential Oil of Ruta chalepensis L. from Greece,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 258-259, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. M. S. Tounsi, W. A. Wannes, I. Ouerghemmi, K. Msaada, A. Smaoui, and B. Marzouk, “Variation in essential oil and fatty acid composition in different organs of cultivated and growing wild Ruta chalepensis L.,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 617–623, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. H. Ghazghazi, C. Aouadhi, M. Weslati, F. Trakhna, A. Maaroufi, and B. Hasnaoui, “Chemical Composition of Ruta chalepensis Leaves Essential Oil and Variation in Biological Activities between Leaves, Stems and Roots Methanolic Extracts,” Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 570–581, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. J. Isaac and K. Rishmawi, Status of the Environment in the State of Palestine, Applied Research Institute Publisher, Jerusalem, Palestine, 2015.
  62. D. Khlifi, R. M. Sghaier, S. Amouri, D. Laouini, M. Hamdi, and J. Bouajila, “Composition and anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities of Artemisia herba-alba, Ruta chalpensis L. and Peganum harmala L.,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 55, pp. 202–208, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. D. Trombetta, F. Castelli, M. G. Sarpietro et al., “Mechanisms of antibacterial action of three monoterpenes,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 2474–2478, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus