Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2735969, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2735969
Research Article

Amplitude, Latency, and Peak Velocity in Accommodation and Disaccommodation Dynamics

Department of Optics and Optometry and Vision Sciences, University of Valencia, Calle Dr. Moliner, 50, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Antonio J. Del Águila-Carrasco; se.vu@aliuga.oinotna

Received 4 August 2017; Accepted 2 October 2017; Published 31 October 2017

Academic Editor: Barbara K. Pierscionek

Copyright © 2017 Antonio J. Del Águila-Carrasco et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. M. Toates, “Accommodation function of the human eye,” Physiol. Rev, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 828–863, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  2. F. W. Campbell and G. Westheimer, “Dynamics of accommodation responses of the human eye,” The Journal of Physiology, vol. 151, no. 2, pp. 285–295, 1960. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Shirachi, J. Liu, M. Lee, J. Jang, J. Wong, and L. Stark, “Accommodation dynamics I. Range nonlinearity,” American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 631–641, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Tucker and W. N. Charman, “Reaction and response times for accommodation,” Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 490–503, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. J. Ciuffreda and P. B. Kruger, “Dynamics of human voluntary accommodation,” Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 365–370, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Kasthurirangan, A. S. Vilupuru, and A. Glasser, “Amplitude dependent accommodative dynamics in humans,” Vision Research, vol. 43, no. 27, pp. 2945–2956, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Kasthurirangan and A. Glasser, “Age related changes in accommodative dynamics in humans,” Vision Research, vol. 46, no. 8-9, pp. 1507–1519, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Rambold, G. Neumann, T. Sander, and C. Helmchen, “Age-related changes of vergence under natural viewing conditions,” Neurobiology of Aging, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 163–172, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. R. Bharadwaj and C. M. Schor, “Dynamic control of ocular disaccommodation: first and second-order dynamics,” Vision Research, vol. 46, no. 6-7, pp. 1019–1037, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. B. Kruger, S. Mathews, K. R. Aggarwala, and N. Sanchez, “Chromatic aberration and ocular focus: Fincham revisited,” Vision Research, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1397–1411, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Takagi, H. Abe, H. Toda, and T. Usui, “Accommodative and pupillary responses to sinusoidal target depth movement,” Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 253–257, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Bernal-Molina, I. Marín-Franch, A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco et al., “Human eyes do not need monochromatic aberrations for dynamic accommodation,” Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 602–609, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. J. Esteve-Taboada, A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, P. Bernal-Molina et al., “Dynamic accommodation without feedback does not respond to isolated blur cues,” Vision Research, vol. 136, pp. 50–56, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, I. Marín-Franch, P. Bernal-Molina et al., “Accommodation responds to optical vergence and not defocus blur alone,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 1758–1763, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Heron, W. N. Charman, and C. Schor, “Dynamics of the accommodation response to abrupt changes in target vergence as a function of age,” Vision Research, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 507–519, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. R. Bharadwaj and C. M. Schor, “Acceleration characteristics of human ocular accommodation,” Vision Research, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 17–28, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Marín-Franch, A. J. Del Águila-Carrasco, P. Bernal-Molina et al., “There is more to accommodation of the eye than simply minimizing retinal blur,” Biomedical Optics Express, vol. 8, no. 10, p. 4717, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. H. Radhakrishnan, P. M. Allen, and W. N. Charman, “Dynamics of accommodative facility in myopes,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 48, no. 9, pp. 4375–4382, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. M. Allen, W. N. Charman, and H. Radhakrishnan, “Changes in dynamics of accommodation after accommodative facility training in myopes and emmetropes,” Vision Research, vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 947–955, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. Schaeffel, H. Wilhelm, and E. Zrenner, “Inter‐individual variability in the dynamics of natural accommodation in humans: relation to age and refractive errors,” The Journal of Physiology, vol. 461, no. 1, pp. 301–320, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Kasthurirangan and A. Glasser, “Influence of amplitude and starting point on accommodative dynamics in humans,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 3463–3472, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. E. J. Fernández and P. Artal, “Study on the effects of monochromatic aberrations in the accommodation response by using adaptive optics,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1732–1738, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. S. Chin, K. M. Hampson, and E. A. H. Mallen, “Role of ocular aberrations in dynamic accommodation control,” Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 227–237, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. J. Benjamin and I. M. Borish, Borishs Clinical Refraction, Butterworth Heinemann/Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2006.
  25. L. N. Thibos, H. Xin, A. Bradley, and R. A. Applegate, “Accuracy and precision of objective refraction from wavefront aberrations,” Journal of Vision, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 329–351, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. M. Schor, L. A. Lott, D. Pope, and A. D. Graham, “Saccades reduce latency and increase velocity of ocular accommodation,” Vision Research, vol. 39, no. 22, pp. 3769–3795, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. S. Cleveland, “Robust locally weighted regression and smoothing scatterplots,” Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol. 74, no. 368, pp. 829–836, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus