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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2964529, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2964529
Review Article

Pathoanatomic Risk Factors for Instability and Adjacent Segment Disease in Lumbar Spine: How to Use Topping Off?

1Center for Spinal Surgery, Schön Klinik Düsseldorf SE & Co. KG, Am Heerdter Krankenhaus 2, 40549 Düsseldorf, Germany
2Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
3Department of Orthopedics, Medical Center City Aachen GmBH, Wuerselen, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to J. Bredow; ed.xmg@woderb.naj

Received 21 November 2016; Accepted 4 July 2017; Published 31 July 2017

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Korovessis

Copyright © 2017 J. Bredow et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

J. Bredow, L. Löhrer, J. Oppermann, et al., “Pathoanatomic Risk Factors for Instability and Adjacent Segment Disease in Lumbar Spine: How to Use Topping Off?,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2017, Article ID 2964529, 9 pages, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2964529.