Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 3072098, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3072098
Review Article

Treatment of Cervical Artery Dissection: Antithrombotics, Thrombolysis, and Endovascular Therapy

1Department of Neurology of Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, No. 30 Gaotanyan Road, Chongqing 400038, China
2Department of Neurology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, 2 Yinghua Dongjie, Hepingli, Beijing 100029, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhenhua Zhou; moc.621@100retiolpxe

Received 31 January 2017; Revised 23 March 2017; Accepted 16 April 2017; Published 21 May 2017

Academic Editor: Sheng Chen

Copyright © 2017 Jing Peng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Thanvi, S. K. Munshi, S. L. Dawson, and T. G. Robinson, “Carotid and vertebral artery dissection syndromes,” Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 81, no. 956, pp. 383–388, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. V.-A. Lioutas, F. Alfaro-Martinez, F. Bedoya, C.-C. Chung, D. A. Pimentel, and V. Novak, “Intranasal insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 as neuroprotectants in acute ischemic stroke,” Translational Stroke Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 264–275, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. H. Lee, R. D. Brown Jr., J. N. Mandrekar, and B. Mokri, “Incidence and outcome of cervical artery dissection: a population-based study,” Neurology, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 1809–1812, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. E. Touzé, J.-Y. Gauvrit, T. Moulin, J.-F. Meder, S. Bracard, and J.-L. Mas, “Risk of stroke and recurrent dissection after a cervical artery dissection: a multicenter study,” Neurology, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 1347–1351, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Arnold, L. Kappeler, D. Georgiadis et al., “Gender differences in spontaneous cervical artery dissection,” Neurology, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 1050–1052, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Biller, R. L. Sacco, F. C. Albuquerque et al., “Cervical arterial dissections and association with cervical manipulative therapy: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association,” Stroke, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 3155–3174, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. W. Baumgartner, M. Arnold, I. Baumgartner et al., “Carotid dissection with and without ischemic events: local symptoms and cerebral artery findings,” Neurology, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 827–832, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. M. Flis, H. R. Jäger, and P. S. Sidhu, “Carotid and vertebral artery dissections: clinical aspects, imaging features and endovascular treatment,” European Radiology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 820–834, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. O. Naggara, F. Louillet, E. Touzé et al., “Added value of high-resolution MR imaging in the diagnosis of vertebral artery dissection,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1707–1712, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Lum, S. Chakraborty, M. Schlossmacher et al., “Vertebral artery dissection with a normal—appearing lumen at multisection CT angiography: the importance of identifying wall hematoma,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 787–792, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Sturzenegger, “Spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection: early diagnosis and management in 44 patients,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 242, no. 4, pp. 231–238, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. M. Provenzale, “Dissection of the internal carotid and vertebral arteries: imaging features,” American Journal of Roentgenology, vol. 165, no. 5, pp. 1099–1104, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Debette and D. Leys, “Cervical-artery dissections: predisposing factors, diagnosis, and outcome,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 668–678, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. I. Schievink, “Spontaneous dissection of the carotid and vertebral arteries,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 344, no. 12, pp. 898–906, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. G. Brott, J. L. Halperin, S. Abbara et al., “2011 ASA /ACCF/ AHA/ AANN/ AANS/ ACR/ ASNR/ CNS/ SAIP/ SCAI/ SIR/ SNIS/ SVM/ SVS guideline on the management of patients with extracranial carotid and vertebral artery disease: executive summary,” Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. E76–E123, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. L. R. Caplan, “Antiplatelets vs anticoagulation for dissection: CADISS nonrandomized arm and meta-analysis,” Neurology, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 970-971, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Sarikaya, B. R. da Costa, R. W. Baumgartner et al., “Antiplatelets versus anticoagulants for the treatment of cervical artery dissection: bayesian meta-analysis,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 9, Article ID e72697, pp. 1–13, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. CADISS Trial Investigators, “Antiplatelet treatment compared with anticoagulation treatment for cervical artery dissection (CADISS): a randomised trial,” The Lancet Neurology, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 361–367, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. F. Kennedy, S. Lanfranconi, C. Hicks et al., “Antiplatelets vs anticoagulation for dissection: CADISS nonrandomized arm and meta-analysis,” Neurology, vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 686–689, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y.-K. Kim and S. Schulman, “Cervical artery dissection: pathology, epidemiology and management,” Thrombosis Research, vol. 123, no. 6, pp. 810–821, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Menon, S. Kerry, J. W. Norris, and H. S. Markus, “Treatment of cervical artery dissection: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 79, no. 10, pp. 1122–1127, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. T. Engelter, T. Brandt, S. Debette et al., “Antiplatelets versus anticoagulation in cervical artery dissection,” Stroke, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 2605–2611, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. F. Al-Ali and B. C. Perry, “Spontaneous cervical artery dissection: the Borgess classification,” Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 4, article 133, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. Zhong, S. Yan, S. Zhang, Q. Chen, Y. Lai, and M. Lou, “Association between leukoaraiosis and poor outcome is not due to reperfusion inefficiency after intravenous thrombolysis,” Translational Stroke Research, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 439–445, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. I. Weintraub, “Thrombolysis (tissue plasminogen activator) in stroke: a medicolegal quagmire,” Stroke, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1917–1922, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Morihara, S. Kono, K. Sato et al., “Thrombolysis with low-dose tissue plasminogen activator 3-4.5 h after acute ischemic stroke in five hospital groups in Japan,” Translational Stroke Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 111–119, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. S. M. Zinkstok, M. D. I. Vergouwen, S. T. Engelter et al., “Safety and functional outcome of thrombolysis in dissection-related ischemic stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data,” Stroke, vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 2515–2520, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. A. Lapchak, “Critical early thrombolytic and endovascular reperfusion therapy for acute ischemic stroke victims: a call for adjunct neuroprotection,” Translational Stroke Research, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 345–354, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. Kadkhodayan, D. T. Jeck, C. J. Moran, C. P. Derdeyn, and D. T. Cross III, “Angioplasty and stenting in carotid dissection with or without associated pseudoaneurysm,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 2328–2335, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Y. Joo, J. Y. Ahn, Y. S. Chung et al., “Treatment of intra- and extracranial arterial dissections using stents and embolization,” CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 595–602, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. S. Ali, P. S. Amenta, R. M. Starke et al., “Intracranial vertebral artery dissections: evolving perspectives,” Interventional Neuroradiology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 469–483, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. Vazquez Rodriguez, V. Lemaire, F. Renard, and R. De Keuleneer, “Primary stenting for the acute treatment of carotid artery dissection,” European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 350–352, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. H. Pham, R. J. Rahme, O. Arnaout et al., “Endovascular stenting of extracranial carotid and vertebral artery dissections: a systematic review of the literature,” Neurosurgery, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 856–866, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. C. Albuquerque, P. P. Han, R. F. Spetzler, J. M. Zabramski, and C. G. McDougall, “Carotid dissection: technical factors affecting endovascular therapy,” Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, vol. 29, no. 01, pp. 54–60, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. O. A. Berkhemer, P. S. S. Fransen, D. Beumer et al., “A randomized trial of intraarterial treatment for acute ischemic stroke,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 372, no. 1, pp. 11–20, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Pezzini, V. Caso, C. Zanferrari et al., “Arterial hypertension as risk factor for spontaneous cervical artery dissection. A case-control study,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 95–97, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. Giossi, M. Ritelli, P. Costa et al., “Connective tissue anomalies in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection,” Neurology, vol. 83, no. 22, pp. 2032–2037, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Debette, B. Goeggel Simonetti, S. Schilling et al., “Familial occurrence and heritable connective tissue disorders in cervical artery dissection,” Neurology, vol. 83, no. 22, pp. 2023–2031, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  39. L. H. Stein, J. Berger, M. Tranquilli, and J. A. Elefteraides, “Effect of statin drugs on thoracic aortic aneurysms,” American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 112, no. 8, pp. 1240–1245, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus