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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3102358, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3102358
Research Article

Survey of Occupational Allergic Contact Dermatitis and Patch Test among Clothing Employees in Beijing

1Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China
2Department of Dermatology, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, Beijing 100076, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Lin-Feng Li

Received 14 November 2016; Accepted 26 February 2017; Published 15 March 2017

Academic Editor: Tessa Keegel

Copyright © 2017 Yu-Xin Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Occupational population-based epidemiological data relating to occupational contact allergies in the Chinese clothing industry are limited. To investigate the prevalence of occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD) and to identify the causative allergens among clothing employees in China, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 529 clothing employees at 12 clothing factories in Beijing. All employees were subjected to an interview using self-administered questionnaire and skin examination, and those who were diagnosed with occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) were patch tested. In the present survey, we found that the overall 1-year prevalence of OACD among the clothing employees was 8.5%. The 1-year prevalence of OACD among workers (10.8%) was significantly higher than that among managers (3.2%). The lesions were primarily on the hands and wrists in workers, but the face and neck in managers. The major allergens were nickel sulfate and cobalt dichloride in workers and colophony and p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde resin in managers. In conclusion, workers are at a higher risk of OACD compared with managers in the Chinese clothing industry. In addition to hand dermatitis in workers, airborne contact dermatitis on the face and neck should be also addressed in managers.