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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3975417, 9 pages
Research Article

Body Posture, Postural Stability, and Metabolic Age in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

1Institute of Physiotherapy, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce, Kielce, Poland
2Department of Histology and Embryology with Unit of Experimental Cytology, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland
3Department of Physical Education and Sport, Academy of Physical Education in Cracow, Cracow, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Dariusz Mucha

Received 31 January 2017; Revised 19 April 2017; Accepted 22 May 2017; Published 27 June 2017

Academic Editor: Meike Kasten

Copyright © 2017 Jacek Wilczyński et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. The study aims to analyze the relationship between body posture and composition, as well as postural stability in Parkinson’s disease patients. Material and Methods. 32 people were evaluated. The study was conducted in the Laboratory of Posturology at Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland). Body posture was examined using the optoelectronic body posture Formetric Diers Method III 4D. Postural stability was evaluated using the Biodex Balance System platform. Body composition was assessed with the method of bioelectrical impedance analysis using the Tanita MC 780 MA analyzer. Results. 11 patients (34.37%) had hyperkyphosis, 10 (31.25%) hyperlordosis, and 3 (9.37%) hyperkyphosis-hyperlordosis posture. Scoliosis (>10°) was observed in 28 (87.5%) subjects, whereas 4 (12.5%) presented scoliotic body posture (1–9°). In the examined population, all parameters of postural stability were within normal limits. Conclusions. A significant positive correlation was observed between surface rotation (°), General Stability Index (, ), and Anteroposterior Stability Index (, ). There was also a significant positive correlation between surface rotation (+max) (°), General Stability Index (, ), and Anteroposterior Stability Index (, ). Metabolic age also presented a significant positive correlation between metabolic age and General Stability Index (, ), as well as Anteroposterior Stability Index (, ).