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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4238139, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4238139
Research Article

Prevalence and Relevance of Pruritus in Pregnancy

1Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
2Department of Dermatology, University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland
31st Department and Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
42nd Department and Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Adam Reich; lp.corw.demu@hcier.mada

Received 27 April 2017; Revised 13 August 2017; Accepted 23 August 2017; Published 25 September 2017

Academic Editor: Vinod Chandran

Copyright © 2017 Justyna Szczęch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Pregnant women are at greater risk to suffer from chronic pruritus, but data on this symptom in this group is very limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and the importance of pruritus in pregnant women. A total of 292 consecutive pregnant women at the weeks of gestation (WoG) were recruited into this prospective, cross-sectional study. All patients underwent thorough anamnesis and detailed physical examination with the special emphasis on pruritus. Pruritus was assessed according to Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Quality of life was measured with the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). The point prevalence of pruritus was 20.2% (), while pruritus prevalence during the entire pregnancy was 38.0% (). Pruritus started on average at the WoG; it was significantly more common among women in third trimester. The mean VAS was 4.8 (±2.4) points. The DLQI scoring significantly correlated with VAS (, ). Based on the results of our study about one-third of women suffer from pruritus during pregnancy. Many of them find it a very distressing and disturbing symptom.