Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5142754, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5142754
Research Article

Analysis of Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Atopic Dermatitis in Korean Children and Adolescents from the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

1Department of Pediatrics, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Yeong-Ho Rha

Received 15 April 2017; Revised 2 July 2017; Accepted 24 July 2017; Published 22 August 2017

Academic Editor: Arjen F. Nikkels

Copyright © 2017 Kyung Suk Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, but only few studies involved samples of children and adolescents that are representative of the entire Korean population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of AD among children and adolescents in Korea by using nationally representative data. Methods. We used data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2010 and retrospectively evaluated 2,116 children and adolescents. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between AD and other variables, including IgE levels. Results. The prevalence rate of AD in children and adolescents was 15.0%. In the multivariate analysis of ages from 1 to 18 years, age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.96; ) was related to AD. From age of 12 to 18 years, smoking (aOR, 8.99; ) and elevated total IgE serum level (aOR, 5.31; ) were related to AD. Conclusion. Age, smoking, and elevated total IgE level were related to AD in the children and adolescents. Thus, an antismoking policy and public education are necessary for reducing the prevalence of allergic diseases. In addition, measurement of total IgE level and age may be helpful in the diagnosis of AD.