Table 2: Weight status of preschool children from urban high-income, urban low-income, and rural low-income settings across South Africa.

Total ()Urban high-income ()Urban low-income ()Rural ()

Age (years)5.18 ± 0.705.28 ± 0.725.35 ± 0.725.02 ± 0.64
BMI -scores−0.05 ± 1.03−0.25 ± 0.810.40 ± 1.05−0.10 ± 1.02
BMI (kg⋅m−2)15.46 ± 1.5715.02 ± 1.1116.00 ± 1.7115.22 ± 1.50
Weight status %
 Thinness (low BMI for age)1923.927.725.63
 Normal weight72.0971.7475.8269.42
 Overweight5.814.3510.992.48
 Obesity & morbid obesity3.105.52.48

Age and BMI data presented as means ± SD. “a” indicates significant difference between rural and urban low-income children. “b” indicates significant difference between urban low-income children and urban high-income and rural children (all ).