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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 7191826, 8 pages
Review Article

Physical Exercise and Patients with Chronic Renal Failure: A Meta-Analysis

1Minjiang University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
2Department of Urology, Fuzhou General Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
3Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Tibet Military Region, Lhasa, Tibet, China
4Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Shenyang, Liaoning, China
5Department of Chronic Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Hongkou District Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China
6Department of Urology, People’s Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (The People’s Hospital of Fujian Province), No. 602, Middle Road 817, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hao Zhou; moc.liamtoh@oahko

Received 16 April 2016; Revised 21 September 2016; Accepted 20 October 2016; Published 20 February 2017

Academic Editor: Detlef H. Krieter

Copyright © 2017 Zhenzhen Qiu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Chronic renal failure is a severe clinical problem which has some significant socioeconomic impact worldwide and hemodialysis is an important way to maintain patients’ health state, but it seems difficult to get better in short time. Considering these, the aim in our research is to update and evaluate the effects of exercise on the health of patients with chronic renal failure. The databases were used to search for the relevant studies in English or Chinese. And the association between physical exercise and health state of patients with chronic renal failure has been investigated. Random-effect model was used to compare the physical function and capacity in exercise and control groups. Exercise is helpful in ameliorating the situation of blood pressure in patients with renal failure and significantly reduces VO2 in patients with renal failure. The results of subgroup analyses show that, in the age >50, physical activity can significantly reduce blood pressure in patients with renal failure. The activity program containing warm-up, strength, and aerobic exercises has benefits in blood pressure among sick people and improves their maximal oxygen consumption level. These can help patients in physical function and aerobic capacity and may give them further benefits.