Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 7514639, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7514639
Research Article

Jugular Venous Reflux Is Associated with Perihematomal Edema after Intracerebral Hemorrhage

1Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China
2China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing 100050, China
3Center of Stroke, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Beijing 100050, China
4Beijing Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine for Cerebrovascular Disease, Beijing 100050, China
5Department of Diagnostic Ultrasound, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China
6Department of Radiology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jian Zhou; moc.361@yyttnaijuohz and Xingquan Zhao; moc.361.piv@qxz

Received 14 November 2016; Revised 1 April 2017; Accepted 11 May 2017; Published 11 June 2017

Academic Editor: Pasquale De Bonis

Copyright © 2017 Hao Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Xi, R. F. Keep, and J. T. Hoff, “Mechanisms of brain injury after intracerebral haemorrhage,” Lancet Neurology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 53–63, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Okauchi, G. Xi, R. F. Keep, and Y. Hua, “Tissue-type transglutaminase and the effects of cystamine on intracerebral hemorrhage-induced brain edema and neurological deficits,” Brain Research, vol. 1249, pp. 229–236, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Broderick, S. Connolly, E. Feldmann et al., “Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: 2007 Update. Guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, high blood pressure research council, and the quality of care and outcomes in research interdisciplinary working group,” Stroke, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 2001–2023, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. W. Sun, W. Sun, W. Pan et al., “Predictors of late neurological deterioration after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage,” Neurocritical Care, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 299–305, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. B. Murthy, Y. Moradiya, J. Dawson, K. R. Lees, D. F. Hanley, and W. C. Ziai, “Perihematomal edema and functional outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage: influence of hematoma volume and location,” Stroke, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 3088–3092, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Volbers, S. Herrmann, W. Willfarth et al., “Impact of Hypothermia Initiation and Duration on Perihemorrhagic Edema Evolution after Intracerebral Hemorrhage,” Stroke, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 2249–2255, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Yang, H. Arima, G. Wu et al., “Prognostic Significance of Perihematomal Edema in Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage: Pooled Analysis from the Intensive Blood Pressure Reduction in Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage Trial Studies,” Stroke, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 1009–1013, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Arima, J. G. Wang, Y. Huang et al., “Significance of perihematomal edema in acute intracerebral hemorrhage: the INTERACT trial,” Neurology, vol. 73, no. 23, pp. 1963–1968, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C.-P. Chung, Y.-J. Lin, A.-C. Chao et al., “Jugular venous hemodynamic changes with aging,” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 1776–1782, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Beggs, C.-P. Chung, N. Bergsland et al., “Jugular venous reflux and brain parenchyma volumes in elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease,” BMC Neurology, vol. 13, article 157, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C.-P. Chung, A.-C. Chao, H.-Y. Hsu, S.-J. Lin, and H.-H. Hu, “Decreased jugular venous distensibility in migraine,” Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 11–16, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. Yu, J. Rives, B. Welch, J. White, E. Stehel, and D. Samson, “Hypoplasia or occlusion of the ipsilateral cranial venous drainage is associated with early fatal edema of middle cerebral artery infarction,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 3736–3739, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Baracchini, S. Tonello, F. Farina et al., “Jugular veins in transient global amnesia: Innocent bystanders,” Stroke, vol. 43, no. 9, pp. 2289–2292, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C.-P. Chung, C.-Y. Cheng, R. Zivadinov et al., “Jugular venous reflux and plasma endothelin-1 are associated with cough syncope: a case control pilot study,” BMC Neurology, vol. 13, article 9, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Dolic, K. Marr, V. Valnarov et al., “Intra- and extraluminal structural and functional venous anomalies in multiple sclerosis, as evidenced by 2 noninvasive imaging techniques,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 16–23, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Dolic, B. Weinstock-Guttman, K. Marr et al., “Heart disease, overweight, and cigarette smoking are associated with increased prevalence of extra-cranial venous abnormalities,” Neurological Research, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 819–827, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Zhu, J.-L. Wang, Z.-Y. He, F. Jin, and L. Tang, “Association of altered serum micro RNAs with perihematomal edema after acute intracerebral hemorrhage,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 7, Article ID e0133783, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C.-P. Chung, H.-Y. Hsu, A.-C. Chao, C.-Y. Cheng, S.-J. Lin, and H.-H. Hu, “Jugular venous reflux affects ocular venous system in transient monocular blindness,” Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 122–129, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C.-P. Chung and H.-H. Hu, “Pathogenesis of leukoaraiosis: Role of jugular venous reflux,” Medical Hypotheses, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 85–90, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H.-Y. Hsu, A.-C. Chao, Y.-Y. Chen et al., “Reflux of jugular and retrobulbar venous flow in transient monocular blindness,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 247–253, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Lochner, M. Nedelmann, M. Kaps, and E. Stolz, “Jugular valve incompetence in transient global amnesia. A problem revisited,” Journal of Neuroimaging, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 479–483, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Nedelmann, B. M. Eicke, and M. Dieterich, “Functional and morphological criteria of internal jugular valve insufficiency as assesed by ultrasound,” Journal of Neuroimaging, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 70–75, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Nedelmann, M. Kaps, and W. Mueller-Forell, “Venous obstruction and jugular valve insufficiency in idiopathic intracranial hypertension,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 256, no. 6, pp. 964–969, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C.-P. Chung, P.-N. Wang, Y.-H. Wu et al. et al., “More severe white matter changes in the elderly with jugular venous reflux,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 553–559, March 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. Venkatasubramanian, M. Mlynash, A. Finley-Caulfield et al., “Natural history of perihematomal edema after intracerebral hemorrhage measured by serial magnetic resonance imaging,” Stroke, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 73–80, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. San Millan, P. Ruiz, D. A. Rufenacht, J. Delavelle, F. Henry, and J. H. Fasel, “The craniocervical venous system in relation to cerebral venous drainage,” American journal of neuroradiology, vol. 23, pp. 1500–1508, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  27. J. M. Valdueza, T. von Münster, O. Hoffman, S. Schreiber, and K. M. Einhäupl, “Postural dependency of the cerebral venous outflow,” The Lancet, vol. 355, no. 9199, pp. 200-201, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Marcotti, L. Marchetti, P. Cecconi et al. et al., “An anatomy-based lumped parameter model of cerebrospinal venous circulation: can an extracranial anatomical change impact intracranial hemodynamics?” BMC Neurology, vol. 15, p. 95, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. E. F. Toro, L. O. Müller, M. Cristini, E. Menegatti, and P. Zamboni, “Impact of jugular vein valve function on cerebral venous haemodynamics,” Current Neurovascular Research, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 384–397, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S.-W. Jia, X.-Y. Liu, S. C. Wang, and Y.-F. Wang, “Vasopressin hypersecretion-associated brain edema formation in ischemic stroke: Underlying mechanisms,” Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1289–1300, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. J.-M. Olivot, M. Mlynash, J. T. Kleinman et al., “MRI profile of the perihematomal region in acute intracerebral hemorrhage,” Stroke, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 2681–2683, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. X. Zhao, Y. Wang, C. Wang, S. Li, Y. Wang, and Z. Yang, “Quantitative evaluation for secondary injury to perihematoma of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage by functional MR and correlation analysis with ischemic factors,” Neurological Research, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 66–70, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. C. C. Y. Pang, “Autonomic control of the venous system in health and disease: Effects of drugs,” Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 90, no. 2-3, pp. 179–230, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Marmarou, K. Shulman, and J. LaMorgese, “Compartmental analysis of compliance and outflow resistance of the cerebrospinal fluid system,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 523–534, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. B. Schaller, “Physiology of cerebral venous blood flow: from experimental data in animals to normal function in humans,” Brain Research Reviews, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 243–260, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. F. Meder, J. Chiras, J. Roland, P. Guinet, S. Bracard, and F. Bargy, “Venous territories of the brain,” Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 118–133, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. H. Schmidek, L. M. Auer, and J. P. Kapp, “The cerebral venous system,” Neurosurgery, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 663–678, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Y. Suzuki, H. Ikeda, M. Shimadu, Y. Ikeda, and K. Matsumoto, “Variations of the basal vein: Identification using three-dimensional CT angiography,” American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 22, pp. 670–676, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Z. Si, L. Luan, D. Kong et al., “MRI-based investigation on outflow segment of cerebral venous system under increased ICP condition,” Eur J Med Res, vol. 13, pp. 121–126, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  40. P. Zamboni, R. Galeotti, E. Menegatti et al., “Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 392–399, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. I. Domitrz, G. Styczynski, J. Wilczko et al., “Internal jugular vein valve insufficiency is not increased in migraine: an ultrasound study in migraine patients and control participants,” The Journal of Headache and Pain, vol. 14, p. 78, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. Fisher, F. Vaghaiwalla, J. Tsitlik et al., “Determinants and clinical significance of jugular venous valve competence,” Circulation, vol. 65, no. 1 I, pp. 188–196, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. L. P. Dresser and W. M. McKinney, “Anatomic and pathophysiologic studies of the human internal jugular valve,” The American Journal of Surgery, vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 220–224, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. R. Zivadinov and C.-P. Chung, “Potential involvement of the extracranial venous system in central nervous system disorders and aging,” BMC Medicine, vol. 11, article 260, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus