BioMed Research International / 2017 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Intelligent Physical Exercise Training in a Workplace Setting Improves Muscle Strength and Musculoskeletal Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 2

Delta values (follow-up values minus baseline values). Data are shown as mean ± SD. 3 mt = 3 months. 7 d = 7 days. TG = training group, TG ≥ 70% = participants in TG with an adherence of 70%, and CG = control group. = significant between groups’ effect (test of one-sided hypothesis). § = significant within group effect.

TG ≥ 70%
TG versus CGTG ≥ 70% versus CG

Muscle strength
 Back extension (N)
 Abdominal flexion (N)
 Right shoulder elevation (N)
 Left shoulder elevation (N)
 Right arm abduction (N)
 Left arm abduction (N)
Musculoskeletal pain (scale from 0 to 9)
 Neck 3 mt0,449
 Neck 7 d0,2720,150
 Right shoulder 3 mt0,5560,891
 Right shoulder 7 d0,1940,216
 Left shoulder 3 mt0,9560,494
 Left shoulder 7 d0,3990,966
 Upper back 3 mt0,3350,298
 Upper back 7 d0,6590,565
 Low back 3 mt0,9320,155
 Low back 7 d0,4360,122

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