Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8715909, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8715909
Research Article

Effect of Regular Aerobic Activity in Young Healthy Athletes on Profile of Endothelial Function and Platelet Activity

1Wrovasc-Integrated Cardiovascular Centre, Provincial Specialized Hospital, Kamieńskiego 73a, 51-124 Wroclaw, Poland
2Department of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases and Hypertension, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland
3Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
4Glostrup Research Institute, Glostrup, Denmark
5Division of Respiratory, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada

Correspondence should be addressed to Adrian Doroszko; lp.corw.demu@okzsorod.nairda

Received 24 January 2017; Accepted 2 May 2017; Published 29 May 2017

Academic Editor: Vida Demarin

Copyright © 2017 Katarzyna Podgórska et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. N. Chesterman, “Vascular endothelium, haemostasis and thrombosis,” Blood Reviews, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 88–94, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Drexler and B. Hornig, “Endothelial dysfunction in human disease,” Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 51–60, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J.-V. Mombouli and P. M. Vanhoutte, “Endothelial dysfunction: from physiology to therapy,” Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 61–74, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Esposito, R. Marfella, and M. Ciotola, “Effect of a mediterranean–style diet on endothelial dysfunction and markers of vascular inflammation in the metabolic syndrome: a randomized trial,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 292, no. 12, pp. 1440–1446, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Shimada, “Molecular biology of endothelium–platelet interactions and thrombogenesis,” Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1650–1655, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Di Francescomarino, A. Sciartilli, V. Di Valerio, A. Di Baldassarre, and S. Gallina, “The effect of physical exercise on endothelial function,” Sports Medicine, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 797–812, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. A. Hanke, A. Staib, K. Görlinger, M. Perrey, D. Dirkmann, and P. Kienbaum, “Whole blood coagulation and platelet activation in the athlete: a comparison of marathon, triathlon and long distance cycling,” European Journal of Medical Research, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 59–65, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Maiorana, G. O'Driscoll, R. Taylor, and D. Green, “Exercise and the nitric oxide vasodilator system,” Sports Medicine, vol. 33, no. 14, pp. 1013–1035, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. R. Bird and J. A. Hawley, “Exercise and type 2 diabetes: new prescription for an old problem,” Maturitas, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 311–316, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. S. Celermajer, K. E. Sorensen, V. M. Gooch et al., “Non-invasive detection of endothelial dysfunction in children and adults at risk of atherosclerosis,” The Lancet, vol. 340, no. 8828, pp. 1111–1115, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Teerlink, R. J. Nijveldt, S. De Jong, and P. A. M. Van Leeuwen, “Determination of arginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine, and symmetric dimethylarginine in human plasma and other biological samples by high–performance liquid chromatography,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 303, no. 2, pp. 131–137, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Doroszko, E. Szahidewicz-Krupska, A. Janus et al., “Endothelial dysfunction in young healthy men is associated with aspirin resistance,” Vascular Pharmacology, vol. 67–69, no. 1, pp. 30–37, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. B. Cooper, K. J. Dring, and M. E. Nevill, “High–intensity intermittent exercise: effect on young people's cardiometabolic health and cognition,” Current Sports Medicine Reports, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 245–251, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. Gordon, S. Chen, and J. L. Durstine, “The effects of exercise training on the traditional lipid profile and beyond,” Current Sports Medicine Reports, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 253–259, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. F. Coelho, L. O. Pereira-Lancha, D. S. Chaves et al., “Effect of high–fat diets on body composition, lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity, and the role of exercise on these parameters,” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 966–972, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Sahlin, E. K. Sallstedt, D. Bishop, and M. Tonkonogi, “Turning down lipid oxidation during heavy exercise–what is the mechanism?” Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 19–30, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. W. Ashor, J. Lara, M. Siervo, C. Celis-Morales, and J. C. Mathers, “Effects of exercise modalities on arterial stiffness and wave reflection: a systematic review and meta–analysis of randomized controlled trials,” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 10, Article ID e110034, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Dusserre, N. L'Heureux, K. S. Bell et al., “PECAM-1 interacts with nitric oxide synthase in human endothelial cells: implication for flow-induced nitric oxide synthase activation,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1796–1802, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. L. Wallace, A. Ianaro, K. L. Flannigan, and G. Cirino, “Gaseous mediators in resolution of inflammation,” Seminars in Immunology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 227–233, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. C. Chen and S. S. Hsieh, “Effects of a 7-day eccentric training period on muscle damage and inflammation,” Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 1732–1738, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. A. Kazeem, A. Olubayo, and A. Ganiyu, “Plasma nitric oxide and acute phase proteins after moderate and prolonged exercises,” Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 602–607, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Andersson, J.-H. Jansson, G. Hellsten, T. K. Nilsson, G. Hallmans, and K. Boman, “Effects of heavy endurance physical exercise on inflammatory markers in non–athletes,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 209, no. 2, pp. 601–605, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. Montero, J. Padilla, C. Diaz-Cañestro et al., “Flow-mediated dilation in athletes: influence of aging,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 2148–2158, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. Jensen, P. Schjerling, and Y. Hellsten, “Regulation of VEGF and bFGF mRNA expression and other proliferative compounds in skeletal muscle cells,” Angiogenesis, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 255–267, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. Czarkowska-Paczek, I. Bartlomiejczyk, and J. Przybylski, “The serum levels of growth factors: PDGF, TGF-beta and VEGF are increased after strenuous physical exercise,” Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 189–197, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus