Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 9268468, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9268468
Review Article

An Overview of the Biological Effects of Some Mediterranean Essential Oils on Human Health

School of Agricultural, Forestry, Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Ippolito Camele; ti.sabinu@elemac.otiloppi

Received 13 June 2017; Revised 20 September 2017; Accepted 3 October 2017; Published 5 November 2017

Academic Editor: Yiannis Kourkoutas

Copyright © 2017 Hazem S. Elshafie and Ippolito Camele. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Mancini, I. Camele, H. S. Elshafie et al., “Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum from different areas in the Southern Apennines (Italy),” Chemistry & Biodiversity, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 639–651, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. S. Elshafie, E. Mancini, I. Camele, L. D. Martino, and V. De Feo, “In vivo antifungal activity of two essential oils from Mediterranean plants against postharvest brown rot disease of peach fruit,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 66, pp. 11–15, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Ali, N. A. Al-Wabel, S. Shams, A. Ahamad, S. A. Khan, and F. Anwar, “Essential oils used in aromatherapy: a systemic review,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 601–611, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M.-C. Ou, T.-F. Hsu, A. C. Lai, Y.-T. Lin, and C.-C. Lin, “Pain relief assessment by aromatic essential oil massage on outpatients with primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 817–822, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Y. Kia, F. Safajou, M. Shahnazi, and H. Nazemiyeh, “The effect of lemon inhalation aromatherapy on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: A double-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial,” Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, vol. 16, no. 3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. E. Watanabe, K. Kuchta, M. Kimura, H. W. I. Rauwald, T. Kamei, and J. Imanishi, “Effects of bergamot ( Citrus bergamia (Risso) Wright & Arn.) essential oil aromatherapy on mood states, parasympathetic nervous system activity, and salivary cortisol levels in 41 healthy females,” Forschende Komplementärmedizin, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 43–49, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. H. C. Baser and G. Buchbauer, Handbook of Essential Oils: Science, Technology and Applications, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 2010.
  8. A. Pauli and H. Schilche, “In Vitro Antimicrobial activities of essential oils monographed in the European pharmacopoeia,” in Handbook of essential oils; Science, Technology, and Applications, K. Hüsnü, C. Baser, and G. Buchbauer, Eds., Chapter 12, pp. 353–547, CRC Press, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Tisserand, “Essential Oil Safety: A Guide for Health Care Professionals. Churchill Livingstone,” Churchill Livingstone, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  10. C. M. O. Simoes and V. Spitzer, “Oleos volateis. In Farmacognosia: da planta ao medicamento,” in Florianopolis: Editora da UFSC and Editora da Universidade/UFRGS, C. M. O. Simoes et al., Ed., Chapter 18, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  11. E. Guenther, “The Essential Oils/Gas chromatography mass spectrometry,” in History-origin in plants production-Analysis, vol. 1, Krieger Publishing Company, Florida, FL, USa, 1st edition, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. Panda, Essential Oils Handbook, Chapter 110, National Institute of Industrial Research, New Delhi, India, 1st edition, 2003.
  13. C. F. Poole, The Essence of Chromatography, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1st edition, 2003.
  14. M. B. Falkenberg, R. I. Santos, and C. M. O. Simoes, “Introducao a Analise Fitoquimica. In Farmacognosia: da planta ao medicamento,” in Farmacognosia: da planta ao medicamento, C. M. O. Simoes et al., Ed., Chapter 10, Florianopolis: Editora da UFSC and Editora da Universidade/UFRGS, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. F. J. Todd, “Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy,” International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 209–240, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. O. D. Sparkman, Z. Penton, and F. G. Kitson, “Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: A Practical Guide,” Academic Press, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. H. S. Elshafie, E. Mancini, S. Sakr et al., “Antifungal Activity of Some Constituents of Origanum vulgare L. Essential Oil Against Postharvest Disease of Peach Fruit,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 929–934, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. H. S. Elshafie, S. Sakr, S. M. Mang, S. Belviso, V. De Feo, and I. Camele, “Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of three essential oils extracted from mediterranean aromatic plants,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1096–1103, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. S. Elshafie and I. Camele, “Investigating the effects of plant essential oils on post- harvest fruit decay,” in Fungal pathogenicity, INTECH, Chapter 5, p. 16, Rijeka, Croatia, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  20. O. Adebayo, T. Dang, A. Bélanger, and S. Khanizadeh, “Antifungal Studies of Selected Essential Oils and a Commercial Formulation against Botrytis Cinerea,” Journal of Food Research (JFR), vol. 2, no. 1, p. 217, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. E. M. Soylu, Ş. Kurt, and S. Soylu, “In vitro and in vivo antifungal activities of the essential oils of various plants against tomato grey mould disease agent Botrytis cinerea,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 143, no. 3, pp. 183–189, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Oussalah, S. Caillet, L. Saucier, and M. Lacroix, “Inhibitory effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of four pathogenic bacteria: E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes,” Food Control, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 414–420, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Pauli, “Antimicrobial properties of essential oil constituents,” International Journal of Aromatherapy, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 126–133, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Fisher and C. A. Phillips, “The effect of lemon, orange and bergamot essential oils and their components on the survival of Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in food systems,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 1232–1240, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. G. Deans and G. Ritchie, “Antibacterial properties of plant essential oils,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 165–180, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. R. Möse and G. Lukas, “Zur Wirksamkeit einiger ätherischer Öle und deren Inhaltsstoffe auf Bakterien,” Arzneimittel-Forschung/Drug Research, vol. 7, pp. 687–692, 1957. View at Google Scholar
  27. L. Panizzi, G. Flamini, P. L. Cioni, and I. Morelli, “Composition and antimicrobial properties of essential oils of four Mediterranean Lamiaceae,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 167–170, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Pellecuer, J. Allegrini, and M. Simeon De Buochberg, “Bactericidal and fungicidal essential oils,” Revue de l'Institut Pasteur de Lyon, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 135–159, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. S. Farag, Z. Y. Daw, F. M. Hewedi, and G. S. A. El-Baroty, “Antimicrobial activity of some Egyptian spice essential oils,” Journal of Food Protection, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 665–667, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. H. Lodhia, K. R. Bhatt, and V. S. Thaker, “Antibacterial activity of essential oils from palmarosa, evening primrose, lavender and tuberose,” Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 134–136, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. Kathi and G. Aromatherapy, Aromatherapy, Alternate medicine, 1, p.59, Sri Satguru Publications, New Delhi, India, 1999.
  32. R. Tisser and T. Balacs, Essential oil safety: a guide for health professionals, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1995.
  33. S. Kim, H.-J. Kim, J.-S. Yeo, S.-J. Hong, J.-M. Lee, and Y. Jeon, “The effect of lavender oil on stress, bispectral index values, and needle insertion pain in volunteers,” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 823–826, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Price, “Aromatherapy Workbook: A Complete Guide to Understanding and Using Essential Oils,” p. 320, Thorsons, London, UK, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  35. M. Russo, G. C. Galletti, P. Bocchini, and A. Carnacini, “Essential Oil Chemical Composition of Wild Populations of Italian Oregano Spice (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum (Link) Ietswaart): A Preliminary Evaluation of Their Use in Chemotaxonomy by Cluster Analysis. 1. Inflorescences,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 3741–3746, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. De Martino, V. De Feo, C. Formisano, E. Mignola, and F. Senatore, “Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from three chemotypes of origanum vulgare l. ssp. hirtum (Link) ietswaart growing wild in campania (Southern Italy),” Molecules, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 2735–2746, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. I. Camele, V. De Feo, L. Altieri, E. Mancini, L. De Martino, and G. Luigi Rana, “An attempt of postharvest orange fruit rot control using essential oils from Mediterranean plants,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 1515–1523, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. J. Jalas, “Notes on Thymus L. (Labiatae) in Europe. I. Supraspecific classification and nomenclature,” Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 64, pp. 199–235, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  39. B. S. B. I. List, “Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland,” Archived from the original xls, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  40. T. S. Baynes, Ed.“Anise,” in Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 2, pp. 57-58, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, NY, USA, 9th edition, 1878.
  41. H. Chisholm, “Anise , Encyclopµdia Britannica , 2,” in Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 2, p. 55, Cambridge University Press, 11th edition, 1911. View at Google Scholar
  42. V. M. Rodrigues, P. T. V. Rosa, M. O. M. Marques, A. J. Petenate, and M. A. A. Meireles, “Supercritical extraction of essential oil from aniseed (Pimpinella anisum L) using CO2: Solubility, kinetics, and composition data,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1518–1523, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. Caraway., “Word Crops Database,” Retrieved, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  44. M. D. López, M. J. Jordán, and M. J. Pascual-Villalobos, “Toxic compounds in essential oils of coriander, caraway and basil active against stored rice pests,” Journal of Stored Products Research, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 273–278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. R. Tisser and R. Young, Essential oil safety: a guide for health care professional, Churchill Livingstone, London, UK, 2nd edition, 2013.
  46. D. S. Vohra, Bach Flower Remedies: A Comprehensive Study, B. Jain Publishers, 2004.
  47. L. O. Orafidiya, E. O. Agbani, A. O. Oyedele, O. O. Babalola, and O. Onayemi, “Preliminary clinical tests on topical preparations of Ocimum gratissimum linn leaf essential oil for the treatment of Acne vulgaris,” Clinical Drug Investigation, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 313–319, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. A. Pauli and H. Schilcher, “Specific Selection of Essential Oil Compounds for Treatment of Children’s Infection Diseases,” Pharmaceuticals, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–30, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. S. Stea, A. Beraudi, and D. De Pasquale, “Essential oils for complementary treatment of surgical patients: state of the art,” Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2014, Article ID 726341, 6 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. L. Halcón and K. Milkus, “Staphylococcus aureus and wounds: a review of tea tree oil as a promising antimicrobial,” American Journal of Infection Control, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 402–408, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. Pauli, “Identification Strategy of Mechanism-Based Lipophilic Antimicrobials,” in New Biocides Development, vol. 967 of ACS Symposium Series, pp. 213–268, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. D. Rigano, C. Formisano, F. Senatore et al., “Intestinal antispasmodic effects of Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don ssp. italicum and chemical identification of the active ingredients,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 150, no. 3, pp. 901–906, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. N. Boukhatem, A. Kameli, M. A. Ferhat, F. Saidi, and M. Mekarnia, “Rose geranium essential oil as a source of new and safe anti-inflammatory drugs,” Libyan Journal of Medicine, vol. 8, no. 1, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. A.-T. H. Mossa, A. A. Refaie, A. Ramadan, and J. Bouajila, “Antimutagenic effect of Origanum majorana L. essential oil against prallethrin-induced genotoxic damage in rat bone marrow cells,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1101–1107, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. A. C. Philip, “N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation and inflammatory diseases,” The Journal Nutrition, vol. 83, pp. 1505–1519, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  56. A. E. Goulas and M. G. Kontominas, “Combined effect of light salting, modified atmosphere packaging and oregano essential oil on the shelf-life of sea bream (Sparus aurata): Biochemical and sensory attributes,” Food Chemistry, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 287–296, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. R. Amorati, M. C. Foti, and L. Valgimigli, “Antioxidant activity of essential oils,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 61, no. 46, pp. 10835–10847, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. L. Valgimigli, “Essential oils: an overview on origins, chemistry, properties and uses,” in Essential Oils as Natural Food Additives, L. Valgimigli, Ed., p. 24, Nova Science Publishers, New York, NY, USA, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  59. M. C. Foti, “Antioxidant properties of phenols,” Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 1673–1685, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. A. Jemal, F. Bray, M. M. Center, J. Ferlay, E. Ward, and D. Forman, “Global cancer statistics,” CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 69–90, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. N. Gautam, A. K. Mantha, and S. Mittal, “Essential oils and their constituents as anticancer agents: a mechanistic view,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2014, Article ID 154106, 23 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  62. J. D. Cha, Y. H. Kim, and J. Y. Kim, “Essential oil and 1,8-cineole from Artemisia lavandulaefolia induces apoptosis in KB Cells via mitochondrial stress and caspase activation,” Food Science and Biotechnology, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 185–191, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  63. G. K. Jayaprakasha, K. N. C. Murthy, R. M. Uckoo, and B. S. Patil, “Chemical composition of volatile oil from Citrus limettioides and their inhibition of colon cancer cell proliferation,” Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 45, pp. 200–207, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. Y. Zu, H. Yu, L. Liang et al., “Activities of ten essential oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 cancer cells,” Molecules, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 3200–3210, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. S. Jayakumar, A. Madankumar, S. Asokkumar et al., “Potential preventive effect of carvacrol against diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats,” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 360, no. 1-2, pp. 51–60, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. D. D. Deb, G. Parimala, D. S. Saravana, and T. Chakraborty, “Effect of thymol on peripheral blood mononuclear cell PBMC and acute promyelotic cancer cell line HL-60,” Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. 193, no. 1, pp. 97–106, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  67. W. Chaouki, D. Y. Leger, B. Liagre, J.-L. Beneytout, and M. Hmamouchi, “Citral inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in MCF-7 cells,” Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 549–556, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. H. Elshafie, M. Armentano, M. Carmosino, S. Bufo, V. De Feo, and I. Camele, “Cytotoxic Activity of Origanum Vulgare L. on Hepatocellular Carcinoma cell Line HepG2 and Evaluation of its Biological Activity,” Molecules, vol. 22, no. 1435, pp. 1–16, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  69. C. O. da Fonseca, G. Schwartsmann, J. Fischer et al., “Preliminary results from a phase I/II study of perillyl alcohol intranasal administration in adults with recurrent malignant gliomas,” World Neurosurgery, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 259–266, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. H. S. Elshafie, N. Ghanney, S. M. Mang, A. Ferchichi, and I. Camele, “An in Vitro Attempt for Controlling Severe Phytopathogens and Human Pathogens Using Essential Oils from Mediterranean Plants of Genus Schinus,” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 266–273, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. K. F. El-Massrry, A. H. El-Ghorab, H. A. Shaaban, and T. Shibamoto, “Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egypt,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 5265–5270, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  72. F. Bakkali, S. Averbeck, D. Averbeck, and M. Idaomar, “Biological effects of essential oils—a review,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 446–475, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  73. C. L. Wilson, J. M. Solar, A. El Ghaouth, and M. E. Wisniewski, “Rapid evaluation of plant extracts and essential oils for antifungal activity against Botrytis cinerea,” Plant Disease, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 204–210, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. C. Bouchra, M. Achouri, L. M. I. Hassani, and M. Hmamouchi, “Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils of seven Moroccan Labiatae against Botrytis cinerea Pers: Fr,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 165–169, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  75. M. U. Rahman and S. Gul, “Mycotoxic effects of Thymus serpyllum oil on the asexual reproduction of Aspergillus species,” Journal of Essential Oil Research, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 168–171, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  76. D. J. Daferera, B. N. Ziogas, and M. G. Polissiou, “The effectiveness of plant essential oils on the growth of Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium sp. and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. Michiganensis,” Crop Protection, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  77. G. Arras, M. Aggabio, A. Piga, and G. DHallewin, “Fungicide effect of volatile compounds of Thymus capitatus,” Acta Horticulturae, vol. 379, pp. 593–600, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  78. F. L. Palhano, T. T. B. Vilches, R. B. Santos, M. T. D. Orlando, J. A. Ventura, and P. M. B. Fernandes, “Inactivation of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides spores by high hydrostatic pressure combined with citral or lemongrass essential oil,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 61–66, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  79. G. K. Kishore, S. Pande, and S. Harish, “Evaluation of essential oils and their components for broad-spectrum antifungal activity and control of late leaf spot and crown rot diseases in peanut,” Plant Disease, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 375–379, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  80. N. Tabanca, B. Demirci, S. L. Crockett, K. H. C. Başer, and D. E. Wedge, “Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, and Chrysothamnus nauseosus essential oils,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 55, no. 21, pp. 8430–8435, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  81. J. G. Lopez-Reyes, D. Spadaro, M. L. Gullinoa, and A. Garibaldia, “Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rot caused by fungi on four cultivars of apples in vivo,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 171–177, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  82. I. Camele, L. Altieri, L. de Martino, V. de Feo, E. Mancini, and G. L. Rana, “In vitro control of post-harvest fruit rot fungi by some plant essential oil components,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 2290–2300, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus