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BioMed Research International
Volume 2017, Article ID 9382083, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9382083
Clinical Study

Postnatal Growth in a Cohort of Sardinian Intrauterine Growth-Restricted Infants

1Pediatric Clinic, Department of Surgical, Microsurgical and Medical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
2Gynecologic and Obstetric Clinic, Department of Surgical, Microsurgical and Medical Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
3Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
4Italian Federation of Pediatric Physicians, Rome, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Maria Grazia Clemente; ti.ssinu@etnemelcgm

Received 1 February 2017; Revised 2 May 2017; Accepted 17 May 2017; Published 20 June 2017

Academic Editor: Enrico Grisan

Copyright © 2017 Maria Grazia Clemente et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) undergo catch-up growth during infancy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the postnatal growth in a cohort of IUGR infants born in a tertiary-level Obstetric University Hospital of Northern Sardinia. An observational retrospective study was conducted on 12 IUGR (group A) and 12 control infants (group B) by measuring the anthropometric parameters of weight (), length () and head circumference (HC) from birth to the 3rd postnatal year. At birth, significant differences were found between group A and group B with regard to all the auxological parameters (, mean 1846.6 versus 3170.8 g, p < 0.0001; HC, 30.1 versus 34.4 cm, p < 0.0001; , mean 43.4 versus 49.4 cm, p < 0.0001). During the 1st year, 8 of 12 (70%) IUGR infants exhibited a significant catch-up growth in the 3 anthropometric parameters and a regular growth until the 3rd year of follow-up. The majority but not all infants born with IUGR in our series showed significant postnatal catch-up growth essentially during the first 12 months of life. An improved knowledge of the causes of IUGR will help to develop measures for its prevention and individualized treatment.