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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 1060497, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1060497
Research Article

Hospitalization Trends in Adult Patients with COPD and Other Respiratory Diseases in Northeast China from 2005 to 2015

1School of Biomedical Engineering, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
2Beijing Key Laboratory of Fundamental Research on Biomechanics in Clinical Application, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
3Department of Respiratory, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China
4Health Information Center, Dalian, Liaoning, China
5Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jianbo Lei; nc.ude.ukp.csh@ielbj and Hui Chen; nc.ude.umcc@iuhnehc

Received 21 September 2017; Revised 5 January 2018; Accepted 14 January 2018; Published 8 February 2018

Academic Editor: Salvatore Battaglia

Copyright © 2018 Honglei Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, asthma, and lung cancer are four common respiratory diseases that impose a substantial economic burden on both patients and government in China. The objective of our study is to analyze the temporal trends of several clinical tracking metrics for hospitalization regarding these diseases. Hospital discharge data of 54 hospitals for the period 2005–2015 were derived from the Health and Family Planning Commission in Northeast China. The age-adjusted rate of discharge for the four respiratory diseases increased significantly (COPD, pneumonia, asthma: trend <  .001; lung cancer: trend =  .046). The mean LOS for the four diseases all showed a significant decline ( trend <  .001), whereas the mean charge per stay and aggregate charge followed an upward trend over time ( trend <  .001). There was a clear upward trend for the readmission rate for asthma patients ( trend =  .001), while the trend for COPD patients was unclear ( trend =  .224). Age-adjusted discharge rates, LOS, and charges for hospitalization regarding several common respiratory diseases in China showed different patterns of change over the past decade. Our results should aid government and administrators in making informed decisions about the management and treatment of respiratory diseases.