Figure 7: Effects of GA on the (a) α-SMA, (b) PDGFR, (c) TIMP-1, and (d) TIMP-2 gene expressions were measured in the DMN-treated rat liver (n = 8). The results are presented as relative changes normalized to GAPDH. The statistically significant differences are indicated by symbols (#p < 0.05, ##p < 0.01, and ###p < 0.001 compared with the control group; p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 compared with the DMN-induced group).