Table 1: Natural products that decrease inflammation through NF-κB pathway.

Natural productIsolationStudy performed

CurcuminRoot of plant Curcuma longaBMDM,
mice [19, 20]
Ginsenoside Rg5Rhizome of Panax ginseng C. A. MeyerMacrophage,
mice [21]
AlpinetinRoots of Alpinia Katsumadai HayataRAW 264.7,
mice [22]
PCAMajor benzoic acid derivative found in vegetables, nuts, brown rice, fruits, and herbal medicinesMice [23]
LicoAFlavonoid found in licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra)RAW 264.7,
mice [24]
Rosmarinic acidHerbal plants including rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), oregano (Origanum vulgare), and spearmint  (Mentha spicata)Mice [25]
HYSAChinese herbal medication, Carthamus Tinctorius L. (safflower)Mice [26, 27]
LinaloolComponent of essential oils in several aromatic plantsRAW 264.7,
mice [28]
PAPogostemon cablinMice [29]
ShikoninNapthoquinone pigment extracted from root of Lithospermum erythrorhizonMice [30]

BMDM, bone marrow-derived macrophage; HYSA, hydroxysafflor yellow A; LicoA, licochalcone A; PA, patchouli alcohol; PCA, protocatechuic acid; RAW 264.7, mice macrophage cell line.