Table 3: Natural products that decrease oxidative stress through Nrf2 activation.

Natural productIsolationStudy performed

CurcuminRoot of plant Curcuma longaBMDM, mice [38, 39]
DSHerbal formula in Korea (combination of 9 species of herbal plants)RAW 264.7,
mice [40]
KADried roots of Aralia continentalisRAW 264.7, [41]
FGS Herbal formula in KoreaRAW 264.7, mice [42]
CFPurified aqueous extract used in Asian medicine to treat blood stagnationMice [43]
DAS Garlic extract (Allium sativum)MRC-5 lung cells [44]
BERoot of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, a Chinese herbRats [45]
ARGEAllium sativum, a member of the lily familyRAW 264.7, [46]

ARGE, aged red garlic; BE, baicalein; BMDM, bone marrow-derived macrophage; CF, carthami flos; DAS, diallyl sulfide; DS, Dangkwisoo-san; FGS, fruit hull of Gleditsia sinensis; KA, ent-kaur-16-19-oic acid; RAW 264.7, mice macrophage cell line.