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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 3719039, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3719039
Research Article

Postactivation Potentiation Following Acute Bouts of Plyometric versus Heavy-Resistance Exercise in Collegiate Soccer Players

1Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2Dr. M. A. Ansari Health Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
3Rehabilitation Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Shahid Raza; ni.ca.imj@1azarm

Received 8 June 2017; Revised 14 September 2017; Accepted 3 January 2018; Published 7 February 2018

Academic Editor: Alberto Raggi

Copyright © 2018 Sourabh Kumar Sharma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Postactivation potentiation is referred to as an acute and temporary enhancement of muscle performance resulting from previous muscle contraction. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effect of plyometric exercise (PLY) and heavy-resistance exercise (RES) on the blood lactate level (BLa) and physical performance. Fourteen male collegiate soccer players were randomized to perform either RES or PLY first and then crossed over to perform the opposite intervention. PLY consisted of 40 jumps, whereas RES comprised ten single repetitions at 90% of one repetition maximum. BLa and physical performance (countermovement jump height and 20-m sprint) were measured before and at 1 and 10 min following the exercise. No significant difference was observed in the BLa for both exercises (PLY and RES). Relative to baseline, countermovement jump (CMJ) height was significantly better for the PLY group after 1 min and after 10 min compared to that of the RES group. The 20-m sprint time was significantly better for PLY at 10 min compared to that of RES. The present study concluded that, compared to RES, PLY causes greater potentiation, which leads to improved physical performance. This trial is registered with NCT03150277.