Table 2: Properties of the poroelastic materials applied in the finite element model of the osteocyte-lacunar-canalicular system.

Components of osteocyte lacunaeYoung’s modulePoisson’s ratioPermeability (m2)Void ratio

ECM11 GP [19]0.38 [19]1.0 × 10−20 [58]0.053 [58]
PCM with canaliculi40 kPa [59, 60]0.4 [59, 60]4 × 10−20 [59, 60]4 [59, 60]
Osteocyte cell body and processes3.1 kPa [45, 61]0.35 [45, 61]0.6 × 10−19 [45, 61]4.88 [59, 60]

ECM: extracellular matrix; PCM: perilacunar matrix.