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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 5215868, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5215868
Review Article

Association between Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome and the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis of Cohort Study

1Department of Structural Heart Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
2Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Yushun Zhang; moc.361@9882syz

Received 31 August 2017; Revised 4 December 2017; Accepted 24 December 2017; Published 18 January 2018

Academic Editor: Ahmed Abdel-Latif

Copyright © 2018 Enfa Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Numerous reports have been done to seek the relationship between sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). However, definite conclusion has not yet been fully established. We examined whether SAHS increases AF incidence in common population and summarized all existing studies in a meta-analysis. We summarized the current studies by searching related database for potential papers of the association between SAHS and the risk of AF. Studies that reported original data or relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations were included. Sensitivity analyses were performed by omitting each study iteratively and publication bias was detected by Begg’s tests. Eight eligible studies met the inclusion criteria. Fixed effects meta-analysis showed that SAHS increased AF risk in the common population (RR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.53–1.89, , ). There was a significant association between mild SAHS and the risk of AF (RR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.28–1.79, , ), moderate SAHS (RR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.55–2.27, , ), and severe SAHS (RR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.78–2.62, , ). The results suggest that sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome could increase the risk of AF, and the higher the severity of SAHS, the higher risk of atrial fibrillation.