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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 5643839, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5643839
Research Article

Diagnosis and Incidence of Spondylosis and Cervical Disc Disorders in the University Clinical Hospital in Olsztyn, in Years 2011–2015

1Department of Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland
2Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Microbiology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, University Clinical Hospital in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Małgorzata Kolenkiewicz; lp.ude.mwu@zciweiknelok.atazroglam

Received 31 July 2017; Accepted 15 February 2018; Published 25 March 2018

Academic Editor: Vida Demarin

Copyright © 2018 Małgorzata Kolenkiewicz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Disorders connected with the musculoskeletal and central nervous system dysfunction are the most significant clinical problem worldwide. Our earlier research has shown that back and spinal disorders and lumbar disc disorders were most frequently diagnosed using MRI scanner at the University Clinical Hospital (UCH) in Olsztyn in years 2011–2015. We have also observed that another two diseases of spinal column, spondylosis and cervical disc disorders, were also very prevalent. The main objective of this work was to analyze the prevalence of spondylosis and cervical disc disorders in the study population diagnosed at UCH in years 2011–2015. Methods. The digital database including patients’ diagnostic and demographic information was generated based on MRI reports from years 2011–2015 and analyzed using SPSS software. Results. Within the study group () the most frequently MRI-diagnosed diseases were musculoskeletal group (M00–M99; ; 57,98%) and cervical disc disorders (M50; ; 12,47%) and spondylosis (M47, ; 4,59%). More women (67%) than men (33%) were enrolled in the study, and the largest fraction of the study population was in the range of 51–60 years, with about 1/3 of cases of both diseases diagnosed in early age range of 31–40 years. Conclusion. Significant number of patients presenting with either of the spine disorders at the young age of 31–40 years points to the necessity of introducing methods preventing disorders of the vertebral column at younger age, preferably at school age.