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BioMed Research International
Volume 2018, Article ID 9486258, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9486258
Research Article

Effect of Caesalpinia coriaria Fruits and Soybean Oil on Finishing Lamb Performance and Meat Characteristics

1Departamento de Producción Agrícola y Animal, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, 04970 Ciudad de México, Mexico
2Centro Universitario UAEM Amecameca, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, 56900 Toluca, MEX, Mexico
3Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Chilpancingo, GRO, Mexico
4Facultad de Agronomía y Veterinaria, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, km. 14.5 Carr. San Luis Potosí-Matehuala, 78321 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
5CIACYT, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, 78000 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Hector Aarón Lee-Rangel; moc.liamtoh@ceheel

Received 20 September 2017; Accepted 18 January 2018; Published 21 February 2018

Academic Editor: Adolfo Paz

Copyright © 2018 Nallely Sánchez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

To evaluate phenolic compounds and whether the combination of a tanniferous fruit and soybean oil could improve the performance, meat characteristics, and fatty acid (FA) profile in lambs, an experiment was conducted over 40 days with twenty creole male lambs ( kg). The lambs were allotted in a completely randomised design, with factorial arrangement 2 × 2, with the following dietary treatments: (1) control diet, (2) 2% Caesalpinia coriaria ground fruit dry matter (DM), (3) 2% soybean oil DM, and (4) 2% Caesalpinia coriaria fruit plus 2% soybean oil. The concentration of condensed tannins (CT) in Caesalpinia coriacea was 21.71 g/kg DM. No interactions were detected () among soybean oil and Caesalpinia coriaria, and there were no differences in daily gain, intake, and feed conversion. Soybean oil reduced () DM digestibility (68.05 versus 59.56%). In fat from the longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle, only linoleic acid presented differences () between treatments. The combination of Caesalpinia coriacea fruit and soybean oil did not improve lamb performance at the included levels.