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BioMed Research International
Volume 2019, Article ID 2471418, 14 pages
Research Article

Agent-Based Modeling of Employee Protection-Oriented Safety Proactivity Behaviors at Small Scale Enterprises

1School of Management, Jiangsu University, China
2School of Social Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, UK
3School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang City, Jiangsu Province 212013, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Qiang Mei; nc.ude.sju@iemq

Received 31 January 2019; Accepted 29 April 2019; Published 19 May 2019

Academic Editor: Pengjun Shi

Copyright © 2019 Qiwei Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although the safety production level at small scale enterprises is important for business success, critical safety interactions among the enterprises, its employees, the public, and the government have not been explained well in the literature. To address this gap, a bottom-up method of agent-based modeling is applied here that includes these key stakeholders. The study illustrates how employee protection-oriented safety proactivity behaviors, including whistleblowing and public exposure, can impact the safety production level at small scale enterprises, which are also watched by the public and regulated by the government. The results confirm that protection-oriented safety proactivity behaviors have a significant impact on the safety production levels at small enterprises through the interactions among multiple agents. The model results are validated using an employee questionnaire. The recommendation is for employees to encourage protection-oriented safety proactivity behaviors to improve safety production levels and for the public and the government to provide additional safety support.