Table 2: Cardiovascular parameters in 70 patients with RA and without CVD.

CharacteristicsOverall
(n=70)
Female
(n=54)
Male
(n=16)
p
(F vs. M)

Traditional CVD risk factors
SBP, mmHg128.3 (9.4)128.1 (9.9)128.8 (7.4)0.8
DBP, mmHg81.0 (7.4)80.5 (7.8)82.8 (5.5)0.3
Serum glucose, mg/dl91.9 (5.2)92.0 (5.3)91.5 (4.9)0.7
BMI, kg/m225.5 (3.2)25.2 (4.1)25.5 (3.2)0.8
Total cholesterol, mg/dl196.7 (38.9)195.6 (35.7)200.6 (49.6)0.7
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl57.0 (14.5)59.0 (14.6)50.2 (12.0)0.03
LDL cholesterol, mg/dl116.8 (35.7)114.6 (32.9)124.0 (44.1)0.4
Triglycerides, mg/dl113.6 (55.4)109.3 (39.9)128.1 (90.4)0.2
Atherogenic index3.6 (1.2)3.4 (1.0)4.2 (1.4)0.03
Non-smoker63 (90.0)52 (96.3)11 (68.8)0.001
Current/ Ex-smoker7 (10.0)2 (3.7)5 (31.2)0.001
mSCORE, %3.43 (3.19)2.76 (2.73)5.69 (3.68)<0.001
High/Very high risk of CV death23 (32.9)13 (24.1)10 (62.5)0.004
Ultrasonography of carotid arteries
cIMT, mm0.83 (0.21)0.80 (0.2)0.93 (0.2)0.04
Normal cIMT (<0.6 mm)10 (14.3)10 (18.5)00.6
cIMT ≥ 0.6 and <0.9 mm34 (48.6)26 (48.2)8 (50.0)0.9
Arterial wall hypertrophy >0.9 mm26 (37.1)18 (33.3)8 (50.0)0.2
Echocardiography
E/A ratio1.08 (0.28)1.1 (0.28)1.03 (0.29)0.4
EF, %59.8 (1.6)60 (0.97)59.1 (2.72)0.5
Electrocardiogram: QTc, ms439.6 (23.7)441.2 (22.9)433.9 (26.0)0.3
NT-proBNP, pg/ml97.6 (63.4)106.8 (61.5)66.6 (61.2)0.02

Values are presented as mean (SD) (range) or number (%).
Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; cIMT, carotid intima media thickness; CVD, cardiovascular disease; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; EF, ejection fraction; HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; mSCORE, multiplied systemic coronary risk evaluation; NT-proBNP, amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide; SBP, systolic blood pressure.