BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Associated Risk Factors in Type 2 Diabetes: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana

Table 4

Univariate analysis of the study variables as risk factors for metabolic syndrome in diabetic patients.

Variables (response)OR(95%CI)p-value

Age (>53 years)1.5(0.8 - 2.1)0.216
Duration (>5 years)1.7(0.8 - 3.5)0.132
Sex (female)4.9(2.5 - 9.8)0.001
FPG (>8.3 mmol L-1)1.6(0.8 - 3.2)0.174
HBA1c (>5.43 %)3.6(1.6 - 8.1)0.002
Triglyceride (>1.71 mmol L-1)82.1(11.1 - 605.9)0.001
BMI (>24.8 kg m-2)7.7(3.7 - 16.1)0.001
Waist circumference (>95 cm)23.7(8.2 - 68.4)0.001
Hip circumference (>101 cm)9.4(3.6 - 24.7)0.001
Waist to hip ratio (>0.958)4.1(1.9 - 8.7)0.001
Body fat percentage (>32.6)14.2(5.8 - 35.1)0.001

There was a significant relationship between variables and MS with the exception of age, duration of diabetes, and Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG).

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