BioMed Research International / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Short-Term and Medium-Term Impact of Retirement on Sport Activity, Self-Reported Health, and Social Activity of Women and Men in Poland

Table 2

Middle-run effects of retiring (between April 2013 and April 2015) depending on gender – estimates of ATEs for women and men.

Variable MenWomen
Total number of observationsRetiredNonretiredP-valueTotal number of observationsRetiredNonretiredP-value

Sport activity 2015924.117.237.012782.236.264.494
Member of sports club 2015929<.001.008.008798<.001<.001.456
Social activeness
Friends met regularly 20159275.2004.567.3367963.9624.334.255
Acquaint. met regularly 20159244.145.84.0157875.3694.938.361
Friends 20159275.926.628.4557965.4526.043.282
Work for local society 2013-2015929.095.174.093798.178.143.235
Member of organisations 2015929.073.174.125798.156.158.947
Took part in public meeting 2015929.129.247.012798.186.189.937
Voluntary activities 2015929.196.295.059798.238.221.628
Too much alcohol in 2014929.042.092.076798<.001.020<.001
Lust for life 20159288.1448.453.1077968.7498.48.100
Losing interest in sex 2015929.421.696<.001798.942.871.005
Dissatisfaction with sex life 20159203.9283.559.0707814.5174.397.526
Family life
Married 2015929.838.836.972798.632.686.209
Health – general aspects
BMI 201592625.5228.027<.00179628.57327.734.044
Dissatisfaction with health 20159273.2903.286.9797953.2133.456.027
Significant health worries 2015929.390.184<.001798.151.191.257
Health problems often 2015929.088.159.073798.172.186.654
Health problems sometimes 2015929.722.543.002798.540.542.961
Physical problems 2015929.056.202.001798.183.231.190
Seriously ill 2014929.104.171.137798.231.190.241
Health – specific ailments
Problems with sleeping 2015929.220.110.006798.132.111.531
Digestion worries 2015929.236.347.044798.358.381.590
Headaches 2015929.465.349.032798.480.511.498
Stomach pains 2015929.215.288.184798.300.405.015
Pain in neck or arm muscles 2015929.424.552.027798.667.590.080
Chest or heart pains 2015929.242.296.283798.394.286.010
Dry mouth or throat 2015929.251.239.813798.410.334.074
Sweating 2015929.104.189.057798.374.373.976
Shortness of breath 2015929.118.246.006798.296.284.778
Body pains 2015929.578.548.586798.665.552.009
Palpitation 2015929.222.217.898798.368.279.029
Shivers or convulsions929.112.069.153798.048.069.305
Pressure on bladder 2015929.176.236.256798.263.260.938
Tiredness 2015929.268.409.013798.622.500.007
Constipation 2015929.107.110.925798.148.206.108
Nosebleeds 2015929.024.042.388798.050.040.571
Blood pressure 2015929.203.310.052798.462.381.068

Notes: bold rows indicate significant differences between the treatment group (i.e., people who were retired in 2013) and the comparison group (average values, constructed based on similar to treated ones, in terms of propensity score and balancing variables, people) at p<.05. The ATEs (effects of retiring) were estimated separately for women and men.

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