BioMed Research International / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Essential Oils of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus Stapf) Induces Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest in A549 Lung Cancer Cells

Table 1

Chemical composition and yield of C. citratus essential oils collected in Phu Tho province.

Components(RI)Hy CuongHa LocLam ThaoKim Duc
HCL (%)HCC (%)HLL (%)HLC (%)LTL (%)LTC (%)KDL (%)KDC (%)

α-pinene9400.270.13
Camphene9560.580.300.230.23
6-methylhept-5-en-2-one9880.960.721.230.710.930.790.820.58
Myrcene9938.615.4410.303.829.384.768.873.09
Dehydro-1,8-cineole9970.14
Limonene10352.190.300.11
(Z)-β-ocimene10391.073.800.843.121.233.260.922.52
(E)-β-ocimene10500.561.720.511.400.611.500.511.19
γ-Terpinene10640.17
Linalool11041.261.421.331.401.231.471.031.22
Lavandulol11480.180.230.100.410.340.350.25
Citronellal11560.260.560.200.310.130.590.220.47
trans-chrysanthemol11580.190.250.14
Isoneral11640.770.671.100.741.291.281.331.02
p-Mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol11720.190.170.592.10
Borneol11790.250.160.25
Isogeranial11821.101.041.561.261.981.961.74
α-terpineol12010.200.220.170.200.23
Citronellol12320.741.810.481.540.701.370.571.91
Nerol12340.360.320.350.580.240.240.290.73
Neral124533.2526.7232.6827.5132.1230.1631.0227.52
Geraniol12543.793.104.333.513.763.363.693.49
Geranial127442.2134.8740.1934.9840.5838.9738.3234.68
2-undecanone12960.140.12
Dimethoxy-(Z)-citral13211.490.55
Methyl geranate13230.140.120.16
Dimethoxy-(E)-citral13443.091.17
Geranic acid13530.19
Eugenol13690.480.30
Geranyl acetate13850.520.311.090.251.020.511.100.66
α-Cedrene14330.240.33
(E)-Caryophyllene14380.320.600.200.470.330.260.400.56
α-trans-bergamotene14460.220.410.270.130.140.23
α-humulene14730.14
Germacrene D14990.230.270.340.44
β-chamigrene15000.15
δ-Selinene15060.310.300.13
α-Muurolene15140.27
cis-dihydroagarofuran15280.320.300.24
γ-cadinene15310.270.17
δ-cadinene15380.690.680.370.120.75
(E)-γ-bisabolene15430.390.240.19
Caryophyllene oxide16060.320.180.220.18
5-Epi-7-epi-α-eudesmol16260.200.780.600.340.130.85
Cedrol1631-0.290.29
Valerianol16570.480.350.220.58
Epi-α-muurolol16630.870.760.410.89
Hinesol16660.330.38
Epi-α-cadinol16660.26
α-cadinol16760.421.561.480.480.880.341.92
Neo-intermedeol16851.070.370.69
Intermedeol16870.13
(Z, Z)-Farnesol17270.14
(E, E)-Farnesol17320.14
(E, Z)-Farnesol17520.17

Total identified (%)97.6092.3099.4090.1397.0194.6598.9792.37
Yield (%)0.630.570.680.530.710.560.610.53

aYield calculated based on the fresh materials; RI: retention index; HCC: culm oil collected in Hy Cuong; HCL: leaf oil collected in Hy Cuong; HLC: culm oil collected in Ha Loc; HLL: leaf oil collected in Ha Loc; LTC: culm oil collected in Lam Thao; LTL: leaf oil collected in Lam Thao; KDC: culm oil collected in Kim Duc; KDL: leaf oil collected in Kim Duc.