BioMed Research International / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Long-Term Care Facilities Worldwide: An Overview on International Issues

Table 1

Risk factors for severe disease and death in COVID-19 patients—a summary from multiple recent studies.

Study

Risk factors for severe disease and deathZheng et al. [19]Li et al. [15]Zhang et al. [16]Wang et al. [21]Bianchetti et al. [23]Docherty et al. [20]
Age over 65 years, 95% CI (3.98-9.22), 95% CI (1.5-3.5), 95% CI (3.018-7.606)
Male gender, 95% CI (1.41-2.18), 95% CI (0.355-0.761)
Smoking, 95% CI (398-9.22)
Diabetes, 95% CI (2.68-5.03), 95% CI (1.67-3.66)
Hypertension, 95% CI (1.60-4.64), 95% CI (1.3-3.2), 95% CI (1.69-3.10)
Cardiovascular disease, 95% CI (3.25-8.29), 95% CI (1.503-3.948), 95% CI (1.73-4.96) (1.08-1.24)
Respiratory disease, 95% CI (2.51-10.57), 95% CI (2.49-14.29) (1.09-1.27)
Cerebrovascular disease, 95% CI (1.64-9.22) (1.06-1.29)
Dementia, 95% CI (1.09-3.13) (1.28-1.52)
Malignancy (1.02-1.24)

Only patients over 60 years old were taken into consideration. The HR values are calculated for the hazard representing death. All the values presented in the table had statistical significance ( value <0.05).