BioMed Research International / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Effectiveness of Low-Frequency Stimulation in Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Techniques for Post Ankle Sprain Balance and Proprioception in Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 3

Summary of statistical results of the mixed ANOVA and means and standard deviations of balance.

BalanceGroup 1
(TENS-PNF)
Group 2
(PNF)
Control group (CG)
Mean (standard deviation)Mixed ANOVA (p value)
Pre3rd week5th weekInteraction (group and time) effect ( value)Group () effect ( value)Time () effect ( value)

SEBT anteriorTENS-PNF0.613 (0.01)0.593 (0.01)0.670 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT posteriorTENS-PNF0.655 (0.01)0.136 (0.01)0.710 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT medialTENS-PNF0.727 (0.01)0.043 (0.28)#0.758 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT lateralTENS-PNF0.607 (0.01)0.033 (0.38)#0.624 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT anterolateralTENS-PNF0.653 (0.01)0.001 (0.96)#0.671 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT anteromedialTENS-PNF0.562 (0.01)0.062 (0.15)#0.602 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT posterolateralTENS-PNF0.678 (0.01)0.118 (0.02)0.703 (0.01)
PNF
CG
SEBT posteromedialTENS-PNF0.633 (0.01)0.181 (0.01)0.638 (0.01)
PNF
CG

SEBT: Star Excursion Balance Test. Significant effect (). #Nonsignificant.

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