BioMed Research International / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

A Systematic Review Comparing the Play Profiles of Children with Special Health Care Needs with Typically Developing Children

Table 2

Nuances of play.

ThemePlay descriptorsTypically developing childrenADHDa (5)Physical (CPb and DCDc (5)Developmental delay and other disabilities

Overall playfulnessMore playful▼ (2)▼ (2)▼ (4)
Play durationMore time engaged in play▼ (1)▼ (2)▼ (2)
Time playing alone▲ (1)▲ (1)
Types/forms of playSolitary or parallel play▲ (2)
Constructive rather than functional play▼ (1)▼ (2)
Cooperative play▼ (2)
Gross motor play▼ (1)▼ (1)
Sensory play▲ (1)
Pretend or dramatic play▼ (1)▼ (2)
Social play▼ (3)▼ (1)▼ (2)
Playing games▼ (1)
Play behavioursEmotional expression▼ (1)
Imagination▼ (1)
Onlooker behaviours▲ (1)▲ (1)
Play interruptions▲ (1)▲ (1)
Passivity during play▼ (1)
Organised play▼ (1)▼ (2)
Complex play▼ (1)▼ (2)

Notes: aattention deficit hyperactivity disorder; bcerebral palsy; cdevelopmental coordination disorder; ▲ depicts an increase in the play description; ▼depicts a decrease in the play description; values in parenthesis depict a number of studies.

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