BioMed Research International

Testing for HIV/STIs in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Challenges, Opportunities, and Innovations

Publishing date
04 Nov 2016
Submission deadline
17 Jun 2016

1University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

2Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

3University of North Carolina Project-China, North Carolina, USA

4Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Testing for HIV/STIs in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: Challenges, Opportunities, and Innovations


The newly reported HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) cases have been on the rise in mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, over the past 10 years. These three economies share similar cultural background and HIV epidemic with the majority of newly diagnosed cases concentrated in a few key populations, such as men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers, injection drug users (IDUs), and university students. Governments in these three economies have endeavored to control HIV/STI epidemic; however, many infected people are still not tested on a timely basis and miss out on timely treatment. In order to timely detect HIV cases and efficiently prevent secondary transmission, innovative strategies are needed to identify, target, and engage key populations who are at high risk of transmission of HIV, for frequent HIV testing and treatment services. STIs can facilitate HIV transmission and cause serious morbidities. Timely diagnosis and treatment of STIs can further contribute to control of the HIV epidemic.

This journal will publish a theme issue dedicated to “innovative interventions that increase HIV/STI testing in key populations in mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.” Authors are invited to submit evidence-based manuscripts on relevant topics for publication in this issue. Original research, especially randomized controlled trials of new interventions, will receive the highest priority for publication. Rigorous studies on the epidemiology and management of HIV/STI testing behaviors in key populations are also of major interest. Systematic reviews and scholarly viewpoints on these topics, as well as on topics relevant to clinical, educational, policy, and public health aspects of HIV/STIs also would be of interest. Both quantitative and qualitative research are welcome.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • HIV/STI testing behaviors and factors related to delayed testing
  • Measures of current epidemic trend of HIV/STI
  • Measures to identify, target, and engage key populations in HIV/STI testing
  • Identifying barriers for timely testing and treatment of HIV/STI
  • Using innovative technologies (e.g., SMS reminder, smartphone geosocial networking applications) to increase HIV/STI testing
  • Using community-based events to increase HIV/STI testing
  • Using crowdsourcing method to increase HIV/STI testing and linkage to care
  • Using HIV self-testing (HIVST) to promote HIV testing and linkage to care
  • Mathematical modeling of new interventions to increase HIV/STI testing
  • Policies and guidelines related to HIV/STI testing


  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2017
  • - Article ID 2545840
  • - Editorial

Testing for HIV/STIs in China: Challenges, Opportunities, and Innovations

Huachun Zou | Lei Zhang | ... | Zixin Wang
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2017
  • - Article ID 2641259
  • - Research Article

Human Papillomavirus Positivity in the Anal Canal in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Men Who Have Anal Sex with Men in Guangzhou, China: Implication for Anal Exams and Early Vaccination

Xuqi Ren | Wujian Ke | ... | Huachun Zou
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2860346
  • - Research Article

Internet-Based Sex-Seeking Behavior Promotes HIV Infection Risk: A 6-Year Serial Cross-Sectional Survey to MSM in Shenyang, China

Shi Pan | Jun-Jie Xu | ... | Hong Shang
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 2987472
  • - Research Article

Early Sexual Debut and HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Shenzhen, China

Ruiwei Xu | Wenjie Dai | ... | Atipatsa C. Kaminga
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 1752437
  • - Research Article

Prevalence of HIV Antiretroviral Drug Resistance and Its Impacts on HIV-1 Virological Failures in Jiangsu, China: A Cross-Sectional Study

Ying Zhou | Jing Lu | ... | Haiyang Hu
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2016
  • - Article ID 1631878
  • - Research Article

Late Presentation of HIV Infection: Prevalence, Trends, and the Role of HIV Testing Strategies in Guangzhou, China, 2008–2013

Weibin Cheng | Weiming Tang | ... | Huifang Xu
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