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The Bone Response to Exercise

Call for Papers

The incidence of low bone mass is nowadays rising in children and adolescents mainly because of physical inactivity and the lack of sports participation. The estimation of bone mineral density, measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, is usually used to determine the presence of low bone mass. However, other skeletal factors such as cross-sectional area, structure, and intrinsic properties of bone also play a role in preventing osteoporosis-related fractures.

There is enough evidence to affirm that bone responds positively to high-impact activities and exercise interventions are essential to prevent and manage low bone mass. However, questions remain regarding whether the benefits of exercise are seen at all bone sites, are similar in both males and females, and are produced in the macro- or/and microarchitecture.

We invite researchers to contribute original articles and reviews that will stimulate the continuing efforts to understand the bone response to exercise and sports participation. In this special issue, we are particularly interested in manuscripts examining the effectiveness of sports participation and exercise interventions on bone outcomes, especially from a structural point of view.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Trials investigating the relative importance of cortical versus trabecular bone in optimizing peak bone mass and strength
  • Trials investigating the effectiveness of sports participation in bone during different stages of growth
  • Trials comparing the effects of different types of exercises on bone mass or structure
  • Longitudinal cohort studies analyzing the age at which bone differences emerge between male and female athletes
  • Longitudinal cohort studies that evaluate the association between exercise or sport participation and present fracture risk as outcome data
  • Observational studies examining bone interactions with other tissues
  • Studies examining the association between physical activity or sports participation and bone outcomes (structure or biomarkers)
  • Systematic reviews focusing on bone structure and biomarkers

Authors can submit their manuscripts through the Manuscript Tracking System at

Submission DeadlineFriday, 14 December 2018
Publication DateMay 2019

Papers are published upon acceptance, regardless of the Special Issue publication date.

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