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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 67-74

Palinopsia: A Review of the Literature

Susan J. Stagno1 and Todd J. Gates2

1Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA
2Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Copyright © 1991 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The literature on palinopsia (visual perseveration) is reviewed, utilizing case reports of 46 patients who demonstrated this symptom. The most common etiologies for this symptom are space-occupying lesions, cerebral infarct, and seizure activity. The vast majority are due to central nervous system pathology occurring in the posterior (occipital or parieto-occipital) region, often in the right hemisphere. Proposed mechanisms for palinopsia are also discussed.