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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 6 (1993), Issue 1, Pages 27-32
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BEN-1993-6104

Covert Face Recognition without Prosopagnosia

H. D. Ellis,1 A. W. Young,2 and G. Koenken3,4

1University of Wales, Cardiff, UK
2University of Durham, UK
3Christian-Albrechts Universität, Kiel, Germany
4Current Address: Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK

Received 10 March 1993; Accepted 16 March 1993

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An experiment is reported where subjects were presented with familiar or unfamiliar faces for supraliminal durations or for durations individually assessed as being below the threshold for recognition. Their electrodermal responses to each stimulus were measured and the results showed higher peak amplitude skin conductance responses for familiar than for unfamiliar faces, regardless of whether they had been displayed supraliminally or subliminally. A parallel is drawn between elevated skin conductance responses to subliminal stimuli and findings of covert recognition of familiar faces in prosopagnosic patients, some of whom show increased electrodermal activity (EDA) to previously familiar faces. The supraliminal presentation data also served to replicate similar work by Tranel et al (1985). The results are considered alongside other data indicating the relation between non-conscious, “automatic” aspects of normal visual information processing and abilities which can be found to be preserved without awareness after brain injury.