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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 53-64

Psychogenic and Organic Amnesia. A Multidimensional Assessment of Clinical, Neuroradiological, Neuropsychological and Psychopathological Features

Laura Serra,1 Lucia Fadda,1,2 Ivana Buccione,1 Carlo Caltagirone,1,2 and Giovanni A. Carlesimo1,2

1Fondazione IRCCS Santa Lucia, Roma, Italy
2Clinica Neurologica, Università Tor Vergata, Roma, Italy

Received 26 January 2007; Accepted 26 January 2007

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Psychogenic amnesia is a complex disorder characterised by a wide variety of symptoms. Consequently, in a number of cases it is difficult distinguish it from organic memory impairment. The present study reports a new case of global psychogenic amnesia compared with two patients with amnesia underlain by organic brain damage. Our aim was to identify features useful for distinguishing between psychogenic and organic forms of memory impairment. The findings show the usefulness of a multidimensional evaluation of clinical, neuroradiological, neuropsychological and psychopathological aspects, to provide convergent findings useful for differentiating the two forms of memory disorder.