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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 26, Issue 3, Pages 199-201
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BEN-2012-129010

Single-Item and Associative Working Memory in Stroke Patients

Bonnie van Geldorp,1 Roy P. C. Kessels,1,2 and Marc P. H. Hendriks1,3

1Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
3Department of Behavioural Sciences, Epilepsy Centre Kempenhaeghe, Heeze, The Netherlands

Received 21 May 2012; Accepted 21 May 2012

Copyright © 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation and the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In this study, we examined working memory performance of stroke patients. A previous study assessing amnesia patients found deficits on an associative working memory task, although standard neuropsychological working memory tests did not detect any deficits. We now examine whether this may be the case for stoke patients as well. The current task contained three conditions: one spatial condition, one object condition and one binding condition in which both object and location had to be remembered. In addition, subsequent long-term memory was assessed. The results indicate that our sample of stroke patients shows a working memory deficit, but only on the single-feature conditions. The binding condition was more difficult than both single-feature conditions, but patients performed equally well as compared to matched healthy controls. No deficits were found on the subsequent long-term memory task. These results suggest that associative working memory may be mediated by structures of the medial temporal lobe.